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Table 1 Outcomes of interest for appropriate feeding, water, hygiene and sanitation practices in the 24 h prior to cross-sectional survey [39]

From: Feeding practices and risk factors for chronic infant undernutrition among refugees and migrants along the Thailand-Myanmar border: a mixed-methods study

Outcomes of interest Definition
Exclusive breastfeeding Infants < 6 months fed breast milk while receiving no other food or liquid, not even water, except for vitamins, mineral supplements, or medicine
Predominant breastfeeding Infants < 6 months receiving predominantly breast milk and also receiving liquids, but not soft food
Partial breastfeeding Infants < 6 months receiving breast milk and any soft food
Dietary diversity Infant ≥ 6 months fed 4 or more food groups
Meal frequency Minimum of 2 meals for infants 6–8 months and 3 meals for infants 9–12 months if breastfed; minimum of 4 meals aged 6–12 months if not breastfed
Minimum acceptable diet Infant ≥ 6 months meeting minimum requirements for dietary diversity and meal frequency
Handwashing Of mothers preparing meals, those who appropriately washed hands before meal preparation
Safe stool disposal Of mothers with an improved form of sanitation (latrine, flush or pour-flush toilet), those that discarded infant stool using an improved form of sanitation
Safe water Infants ≥ 6 months fed boiled or bottled water