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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals for experiencing homelessness among 4158 people diagnosed with HIV in San Francisco who died in 2002–2016

From: A longitudinal study assessing differences in causes of death among housed and homeless people diagnosed with HIV in San Francisco

Outcome Unadjusted PR (95% CI) for homelessness Adjusted PR (95% CI) for homelessness
Accident (including overdose) (n = 417) 1.53 (1.20, 1.95) 1.11 (0.83, 1.49)
AIDS cancera (n = 328) 0.70 (0.48, 1.00) 0.89 (0.58, 1.35)
AIDS opportunistic infections (excluding AIDS cancers)a (n = 915) 1.05 (0.87, 1.26)  
Alcoholic liver disease (n = 47) 1.32 (0.62, 2.83)  
Assault (n = 32) 2.52 (1.17, 5.44) 2.56 (0.90, 7.28)
Cardiomyopathy (n = 91) 0.89 (0.47, 1.66)  
Cerebrovascular disease (n = 141) 0.71 (0.41, 1.23)  
COPD (n = 262) 1.03 (0.72, 1.46)  
Diabetes (n = 165) 0.46 (0.25, 0.85) 0.60 (0.30, 1.17)
Heart diseasea (n = 1033) 0.86 (0.71, 1.04)  
HIV/AIDSa (n = 2928) 0.95 (0.85, 1.06)  
Ischemic heart disease (n = 311) 0.59 (0.39, 0.88) 0.87 (0.55, 1.38)
Liver disease (n = 569) 1.21 (0.97, 1.52)  
Mental disordersa (n = 427) 2.15 (1.73, 2.78) 1.63 (1.24, 2.14)
Mental disorders due to substance use (n = 383) 2.24 (1.79, 2.82) 1.70 (1.27, 2.27)
Non-AIDS cancera (n = 655) 0.43 (0.31, 0.59) 0.63 (0.44, 0.89)
Overdose (n = 321) 1.57 (1.19, 2.07) 1.06 (0.76, 1.47)
Pancreatic disease (n = 25) 1.23 (0.42, 3.57)  
Pneumonia (n = 500) 1.12 (0.87, 1.43)  
Renal disease (n = 440) 1.12 (0.86, 1.45)  
Septicemia (n = 427) 1.14 (0.87, 1.48)  
Suicide (n = 143) 0.70 (0.40, 1.21)  
Viral Hepatitis (n = 564) 1.32 (1.06, 1.65) 0.88 (0.68, 1.38)
  1. Poisson regression adjusted for gender, race, age, concurrent HIV and AIDS diagnosis, HIV transmission risk, income status at diagnosis, year of death, prescription of ART, and San Francisco resident at time of death
  2. aComposite causes of death
  3. P values < 0.05 are shown in bold