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Table 1 The children characteristics who are household contact of TB cases in an urban setting in Malaysia

From: Factors associated with tuberculosis disease among children who are household contacts of tuberculosis cases in an urban setting in Malaysia

Characteristics TB disease
Yes n (%) No n (%)
Sociodemographic characteristics (n = 2793)
 Age group (years)
  < 5 22 (2.7) 806 (97.3)
  5–14 21 (1.1) 1944 (98.9)
 Sex
  Male 21 (1.4) 1468 (98.6)
  Female 22 (1.7) 1282 (98.3)
 Race
  Malay 32 (1.7) 1800 (98.3)
  Chinese 3 (0.8) 367 (99.2)
  Indian 2 (0.8) 258 (99.2)
  Others 6 (1.8) 325 (98.2)
 Nationality
  Malaysian 32 (1.3) 2442 (98.7)
  Non-Malaysian 11 (3.4) 308 (96.6)
 Residential location
  Kepong 17 (1.6) 1024 (98.4)
  Cheras 8 (1.0) 763 (99.0)
  Titiwangsa 12 (1.6) 736 (98.4)
  Lembah Pantai 6 (2.6) 227 (97.4)
 Type of housing
  Low cost 13 (1.4) 893 (98.6)
  Non low-cost 30 (1.6) 1857 (98.4)
Clinical characteristics (n = 2793)
 Symptoms of TB
  No 2 (0.1) 2748 (99.9)
  Yes 41 (95.3) 2 (4.7)
 Tuberculin skin test
  Negative 12 (0.5) 2520 (99.5)
  Positive 21 (47.7) 23 (52.3)
  Not Done 10 (4.6) 207 (95.4)
 Chest X-ray
  No lesion 5 (0.6) 811 (99.4)
  Cavitation 37 (100.0) 0 (0.0)
  Not Done 1 (0.1) 1939 (99.9)
 Sputum
  Negative 39 (4.2) 888 (95.8)
  Positive 3 (100.0) 0 (0.0)
  Not Done 1 (0.1) 1862 (99.9)
 Interval of diagnosis (weeks)
  ≤ 6 23 (1.0) 2350 (99.0)
  > 6 20 (4.8) 400 (95.2)