Skip to main content

Table 4 Overview of change methods

From: Preventing adolescent sexual harassment: evaluating the planning process in two school-based interventions using the Intervention Mapping framework

   Benzies & Batchies Boys
   used in the program
Basic methods at the individual level
 • Persuasive communication Use arguments to guide students toward an attitude or action
 • Active learning Encourage students to learn from activity-based experience
 • Modeling Provide an appropriate model
 • Feedback Give the students information on the extent to which they are accomplishing learning or performance
Methods to change attitudes, beliefs
 • Self-reevaluation Encourage students to combine cognitive and affective assessments of their self-image with and without the desired behavior
 • Arguments Use a set of one or more meaningful premises and a conclusion
Methods to change social influence
 • Resistance to social pressure Stimulate students to build skills for resisting social pressure
Methods to change skills, capability and self-efficacy
 • Guided practice Prompt students to rehearse and repeat the behavior various times, discuss their experiences, and provide feedback
 • Verbal persuasion Use messages that suggest that the student possesses certain capabilities
 • Planning coping responses Prompt students to list potential barriers and ways to overcome them
Methods to increase knowledge
 • Discussion Encourage consideration of a topic by the students in an open informal debate
 • Elaboration Stimulate the student to add meaning to the information that is processed
Methods to change social norms
 • Entertainment education Provide a form of entertainment designed both to educate on sexual behavior and to entertain
Methods to change social support and social networks
 • Peer-education Mobilize members of the target population to serve as credible sources of information and role models