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Table 2 Mean values of anthropometric measures in current cigarette smokers by volume smoked1

From: Associations of tobacco smoking with body mass distribution; a population-based study of 65,875 men and women in midlife

Cigarettes/day Model 1 Observed Model 2SEP and health indicators Model 3 BMI additionally
1–9 10–19 20+ 1–9 10–19 20+ 1–9 10–19 20+
Men, n 2105 5965 2530
BMI, kg/m2 26.0 25.9 26.4*** 26.1 25.9 26.4***
HC, cm 101.9 101.5 102.1*** 101.9 101.5 102.0** 102.0 101.9 101.6***
WC, cm 90.5 90.3 92.2*** 90.7 90.4 91.9*** 90.8 90.9 91.3**
WHR 0.89 0.89 0.90*** 0.89 0.89 0.90*** 0.89 0.89 0.90***
Women, n 4082 7648 1545
BMI, kg/m2 24.6 24.7 25.3*** 24.7 24.6 25.2***
HC, cm 99.8 99.8 100.7*** 100.0 99.8 100.5** 100.2 100.2 99.9*
WC, cm 78.0 78.4 80.6*** 78.4 78.4 80.3*** 78.6 78.9 79.5***
WHR 0.78 0.78 0.80*** 0.78 0.78 0.80*** 0.78 0.79 0.79***
  1. N = 23,875; 10,600 men, 13,275 women. 1Volume smoked is defined by number of cigarettes per day
  2. Model 1Observed, adjusted for age and county; Model 2SEP and health indicators, adjusted for body height, education, disability pension, physical activity and alcohol use. Model 3BMI additionally, adjusted for education, disability pension, physical activity, alcohol use and BMI. **p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001