Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Adjusted associations between environmental characteristics and activity participation in girls from MoBa

From: Neighborhood green spaces, facilities and population density as predictors of activity participation among 8-year-olds: a cross-sectional GIS study based on the Norwegian mother and child cohort study

  Adjusted OR (95% CI) in girls (n = 10,214)
≥ 5 h/week leisure-time PA (summer) ≥ 5 h/week leisure-time PA (winter) Organized activities ≥2 days/week Friends and peers ≥2 days/week
Step 1a Step 2b Step 1a Step 2b Step 1a Step 2b Step 1a Step 2b
Total green space 800 m         
 ≤13% (ref.) NI NI 1 1 1 1 1 1
 13.1–29.9%    1.14 (1.02–1.27)* 1.13 (1.01–1.26)* 1.03 (0.91–1.17) 1.02 (0.90–1.16) 0.89 (0.76–1.04) 0.88 (0.75–1.04)
 30.0–49.9%    1.19 (1.06–1.33)** 1.15 (1.02–1.29)* 1.00 (0.88–1.13) 0.99 (0.87–1.13) 0.94 (0.80–1.10) 1.00 (0.85–1.18)
 ≥50.0%    1.28 (1.15–1.44)** 1.20 (1.07–1.36)** 0.91 (0.81–1.04) 0.92 (0.80–1.05) 0.75 (0.64–0.88)** 0.88 (0.75–1.04)
 P for trend    0.005 0.115 0.456 0.604 <0.001 0.108
Park within 800 m
 No (ref.) NI NI NI NI NI NI NI NI
 Yes         
Park within 5000 m         
 No (ref.) NI NI NI NI 1 1 1 1
 Yes      0.99 (0.90–1.09) 0.94 (0.84–1.05) 1.51 (1.35–1.69)** 1.23 (1.07–1.41)**
Facilities/amenities 800 m         
 0 (ref.) NI NI NI NI 1 1 1 1
 1      1.16 (1.03–1.31)* 1.17 (1.03–1.32)* 1.35 (1.17–1.57)** 1.10 (0.94–1.29)
 2–3      1.07 (0.95–1.20) 1.08 (0.95–1.23) 1.41 (1.21–1.64)** 1.11 (0.94–1.31)
 ≥4      1.16 (1.01–1.33)* 1.17 (1.01–1.37)* 1.17 (0.99–1.38) 0.91 (0.76–1.10)
 P for trend      0.047 0.066 0.270 0.089
Facilities/amenities 5000 m         
 ≤5 (ref.) NI NI NI NI 1 NE 1 NE
 6–14      0.88 (0.78–1.00)   1.38 (1.19–1.61)**  
 15–29      0.96 (0.84–1.09)   1.38 (1.18–1.61)**  
 ≥30      1.03 (0.90–1.16)   1.47 (1.26–1.71)**  
 P for trend      0.383   0.280  
Playgrounds/sports fields 800 m         
 ≤1 (ref.) 1 NE 1 NE 1 NE 1 NE
 2–5 0.85 (0.74–0.97)*   0.83 (0.72–0.95)**   1.04 (0.90–1.21)   2.57 (2.15–3.07)**  
 6–10 0.88 (0.76–1.01)   0.85 (0.74–0.98)*   1.10 (0.94–1.28)   2.82 (2.34–3.39)**  
 ≥11 0.73 (0.65–0.82)**   0.72 (0.64–0.80)**   1.15 (1.01–1.31)*   2.78 (2.41–3.21)**  
 P for trend <0.001   <0.001   0.061   <0.001  
Playgrounds/sports fields 5000 m         
 ≤35 (ref.) NI NE 1 NE 1 NE 1 NE
 36–119    0.84 (0.75–0.94)**   0.90 (0.80–1.02)   1.89 (1.63–2.21)**  
 120–419    0.77 (0.68–0.86)**   1.01 (0.89–1.15)   1.63 (1.41–1.90)**  
 ≥420    0.74 (0.66–0.83)**   1.04 (0.91–1.18)   1.85 (1.58–2.16)**  
 P for trend    <0.001   0.289   <0.001  
School within 800 m
 No NI NI NI NI 1 1 1 1
 Yes      1.07 (0.97–1.18) 1.06 (0.95–1.18) 1.21 (1.07–1.37)** 1.01 (0.88–1.16)
School within 5000 m
 No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 0.81 (0.74–0.90)** 0.91 (0.82–1.02) 0.78 (0.70–0.86)** 0.84 (0.75–0.94)** 1.09 (0.98–1.22) 1.08 (0.96–1.23) 1.79 (1.58–2.03)** 1.38 (1.19–1.59)**
Population density 800 m
 ≤200 (ref.) 1 1   1 1
 201–799 0.87 (0.77–0.97)*   0.82 (0.74–0.92)**   0.99 (0.87–1.11)   2.30 (1.97–2.69)**  
 800–1649 0.79 (0.70–0.88)**   0.82 (0.73–0.92)**   1.12 (0.98–1.27)   2.01 (1.73–2.34)**  
 ≥1650 0.71 (0.63–0.80)**   0.75 (0.67–0.84)**   1.03 (0.91–1.18)   1.86 (1.60–2.17)**  
 P for trend <0.001   0.002   0.275   0.008  
  1. Note: OR, odds ratio; PA, physical activity; NI, not included due to non-significance in bivariate models; NE, not estimated due to multicollinearity. *p < 0.05. ** p < 0.01
  2. aAdjusted for participation in after-school care, mother’s age and level of education
  3. bAdditional adjustment for population density