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Table 3 Crude associations between environmental characteristics and activity participation in all children from MoBa

From: Neighborhood green spaces, facilities and population density as predictors of activity participation among 8-year-olds: a cross-sectional GIS study based on the Norwegian mother and child cohort study

  All children (n = 21,146) Crude OR (95% CI)
≥ 5 h/week leisure-time PA (summer) ≥ 5 h/week leisure-time PA (winter) Organized activities ≥2 days/week Friends and peers ≥2 days/week
Total green space 800 m
 ≤13% (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 13.1–29.9% 1.03 (0.96–1.12) 1.14 (1.06–1.23)** 1.02 (0.93–1.11) 0.86 (0.78–0.96)**
 30.0–49.9% 1.05 (0.99–1.16) 1.13 (1.05–1.22)** 0.93 (0.86–1.02) 0.93 (0.83–1.03)
 ≥50.0% 1.08 (0.99–1.16) 1.20 (1.11–1.29)** 0.85 (0.78–0.93)** 0.73 (0.66–0.81)**
 P for trend 0.114 0.001 0.019 < 0.001
Park within 800 m
 No (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.09 (1.01–1.17)* 1.05 (0.98–1.13) 1.13 (1.04–1.22)** 1.06 (0.95–1.16)
Park within 5000 m
 No (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 Yes 0.98 (0.93–1.04) 1.04 (0.98–1.10) 1.19 (1.12–1.26)** 1.42 (1.31–1.53)**
Facilities/amenities 800 m
 0 (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 1 0.94 (0.87–1.01) 1.01 (0.94–1.08) 1.20 (1.11–1.30)** 1.30 (1.17–1.43)**
 2–3 0.98 (0.91–1.06) 0.99 (0.93–1.07) 1.19 (1.10–1.29)** 1.37 (1.24–1.52)**
 ≥4 0.94 (0.86–1.02) 0.99 (0.92–1.09) 1.25 (1.13–1.37)** 1.13 (1.01–1.27)*
 P for trend 0.349 0.411 < 0.001 0.593
Facilities/amenities 5000 m
 ≤5 (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 6–14 1.07 (0.99–1.16) 1.05 (0.97–1.13) 1.04 (0.96–1.13) 1.35 (1.22–1.49)**
 15–29 1.01 (0.93–1.09) 1.02 (0.95–1.11) 1.16 (1.06–1.26)** 1.49 (1.34–1.65)**
 ≥30 0.99 (0.91–1.06) 1.07 (0.99–1.15) 1.34 (1.23–1.46)** 1.32 (1.20–1.45)**
 P for trend 0.719 0.004 < 0.001 0.329
Playgrounds/sports fields 800 m
 ≤1 (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 2–5 0.87 (0.79–0.96)** 0.88 (0.80–0.97)** 1.16 (1.05–1.28)** 2.66 (2.35–3.00)**
 6–10 0.96 (0.86–1.05) 0.96 (0.88–1.06) 1.24 (1.12–1.37)** 2.71 (2.39–3.06)**
 ≥11 0.90 (0.83–0.97)* 0.92 (0.85–0.99)* 1.42 (1.31–1.55)** 2.58 (2.35–2.84)**
 P for trend 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Playgrounds/sports fields 5000 m
 ≤35 (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 36–119 0.99 (0.91–1.07) 0.98 (0.91–1.06) 0.98 (0.90–1.06) 1.68 (1.51–1.86)**
 120–419 0.98 (0.90–1.06) 0.95 (0.88–1.03) 1.19 (1.09–1.29)** 1.69 (1.52–1.87)**
 ≥420 0.96 (0.88–1.04) 1.02 (0.95–1.10) 1.36 (1.25–1.47)** 1.51 (1.36–1.65)**
 P for trend 0.079 0.953 <0.001 <0.001
School within 800 m
 No 1 1 1 1
 Yes 0.94 (0.88–0.99)* 1.00 (0.94–1.06) 1.19 (1.11–1.28)** 1.16 (1.07–1.26)**
School within 5000 m
 No 1 1 1 1
 Yes 0.94 (0.88–1.01) 0.98 (0.92–1.05) 1.27 (1.19–1.37)** 1.51 (1.39–1.64)**
Population density 800 m
 ≤200 (ref.) 1 1 1 1
 201–799 0.96 (0.88–1.03) 0.95 (0.88–1.03) 1.10 (1.02–1.20)** 2.18 (1.96–2.43)**
 800–1649 0.96 (0.89–1.03) 0.99 (0.92–1.07) 1.30 (1.20–1.41)** 2.07 (1.87–2.30)**
 ≥1650 0.94 (0.87–1.02) 1.03 (0.96–1.11) 1.35 (1.24–1.47)** 1.56 (1.41–1.71)**
 P for trend 0.735 0.041 <0.001 0.514
  1. Note: OR, odds ratio; PA, physical activity. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01