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Table 4 Factors associated with suicidal attempt among school going adolescents aged 13–17 years in Bhutan- 2016 (N = 5053)

From: Suicidal ideation and attempt among school going adolescents in Bhutan – a secondary analysis of a global school-based student health survey in Bhutan 2016

Variables TotalSuicidal attempt
(unweighted count)
Percentage (%)PR (95% CI)aPR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Total5809656(11.3)
 Age group13–15 years3009322(10.7)111
16–17 years2766334(11.9)1.1 (1.1–1.2)**1.0 (0.9–1.2)1.0 (0.8–1.2)
 SexMale3236392(10.3)111
Female2500258(12.1)1.2 (1.1–1.2)**1.3 (1.1–1.5)**1.6 (1.3–2.0)
 Type of studentDay scholar3165326(10.1)111
Boarding2462311(12.9)1.3 (1.2–1.3)**0.9 (0.8–1.0)1.0 (0.8–1.2)
 LocationRural2676267(10.1)111
Urban3099389(12.7)1.2 (1.2–1.3)**1.1 (0.9–1.2)1.2 (1.0–1.5)*
 UnderweightNo5521633(11.4)111
Yes1126(4.8)0.4 (0.3–0.6)**0.4 (0.1–1.2)0.4 (0.1–1.2)
 OverweightNo4984569(11.4)111
Yes64970(10.6)0.9 (0.9–1.0)0.9 (0.7–1.1)1.0 (0.7–1.4)
 Food insecurityNever/rare4016357(8.7)111
Sometimes1575236(15.0)1.7 (1.6–1.8)**1.2 (1.1–1.4)*1.3 (1.0–1.6)*
Always18062(34.7)4.0 (3.7–4.3)**2.2 (1.9–2.6)**3.7 (2.4–5.6)**
 Physical AttackNo3551272(7.6)111
Yes2217383(17.0)2.2 (2.1–2.4)**1.4 (1.2–1.6)**1.7 (1.4–2.1)**
 Physical FightNo3467272(7.8)111
Yes2291380(16.4)2.1 (2.0–2.2)**1.1 (0.9–1.3)1.2 (1.0–1.5)
 Sexual ViolenceNo5340546(10.1)111
Yes406102(25.4)2.5(2.3–2.7)**1.3(1.1–1.5)*1.6 (1.2–2.2)*
 BullyingNo4128331(7.9)111
Yes1461277(18.8)2.4 (2.2–2.5)**1.6 (1.4–1.9)**1.7 (1.3–2.0)**
 Close friendNone49380(16.3)111
1886107(12.0)0.7 (0.7–0.8)**0.9 (0.8–1.2)0.8 (0.6–1.2)
21106142(13.0)0.8 (0.7–0.9)**1.1 (0.9–1.3)0.9 (0.6–1.3)
3 or more3250313(9.4)0.6 (0.5–0.6)**0.9 (0.7–1.0)0.7 (0.5–1.0)*
 Helpful friendNo3346430(12.5)111
Yes2414223(9.4)0.7 (0.7–0.8)**1.0 (0.9–1.3)0.9 (0.7–1.1)
 Parent engagementHigh2891256(8.7)111
Medium2128280(13.1)1.5 (1.4–1.6)**1.2 (1.0–1.3)**1.5 (1.1–2.0)**
Low756120(16.0)1.8 (1.7–2.0)**1.2 (1.0–1.5)*1.3 (1.1–1.6)*
 LonelinessNo4975467(9.4)111
Yes719176(24.1)2.6 (2.4–2.7)**1.4 (1.3–1.7)**1.6 (1.2–2.1)**
 Sleepless NightNo5328536(10.0)111
Yes440118(26.8)2.7(2.5–2.9)**1.4(1.2–1.6)**1.8 (1.3–2.5)**
 Urge to use drugs/alcoholNever/rare4748418(8.7)111
Sometimes813172(21.0)2.4 (2.3–2.5)**1.4 (1.2–1.6)**1.7 (1.3–2.2)**
Always20063(31.0)3.5 (3.3–3.8)**1.3 (1.1–1.6)*1.7 (1.1–2.7)*
 SmokingNo4389405(9.1)111
Yes1354241(17.4)1.9 (1.8–2.0)**0.9 (0.7–1.1)0.9 (0.6–1.4)
 Other Tobacco useNo4126362(8.6)111
Yes1624289(17.5)2.0 (1.9–2.1)**1.4 (1.1–1.9)*1.6 (1.1–2.5)*
 Drugs AbuseNo5360550(10.1)111
Yes38198(25.5)2.5 (2.4–2.7)**1.5 (1.3–1.7)**1.6 (1.1–2.3)*
 Parent smokingNo3629366(10.0)111
Yes2126286(13.4)1.3 (1.3–1.4)**1.2 (1.1–1.4)*1.3 (1.1–1.7)*
 Parent drinkingNo2681295(11.0)111
Yes3057354(11.4)1.0 (1.0–1.1)0.9 (0.8–1.0)0.9 (0.7–1.1)
  1. PR Prevalence Ratio, aPR Adjusted Prevalence Ratio
  2. aOR Adjusted Odds ratio
  3. *p-value< 0.05; ** p value< 0.001
  4. Weighted analysis done
  5. 1 stands for Reference category