Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations between reported mental health competence and indicators of physical health and cognitive development at age 11 in the UK Millennium Cohort Study

From: Associations between mental health competence and indicators of physical health and cognitive development in eleven year olds: findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

  Maternal-report (n = 12,082) Teacher-report (n = 6739)
High MHC (Hi PS; Hi LS) High-Moderate MHC (Hi PS; Mod LS) Moderate MHC (Mod PS; Mod LS) Low MHC (Mod PS; Low LS) High MHC (Hi PS; Hi LS) High-Moderate MHC (Hi PS; Mod LS) Moderate MHC (Mod PS; Mod LS) Low MHC (Mod PS; Low LS)
Unadjusted Relative risk ratios (95% CI)
Overweight Healthy weight
Overweight 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
Obese 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 1.5 (1.1–2.0) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)
Injury None  
1 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)
2+ 1.7 (1.5–2.0) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.8 (1.3–2.4) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 2.1 (1.6–2.9)
Asthma symptoms None
1 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 0.8 (0.5–1.4)
2+ 1.0 (0.6–1.5) 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 2.0 (1.0–3.8) 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 2.2 (1.2–4.3)
BAS Verbal ability: tertiles High verbal skills
Medium verbal skills 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.7 (1.4–2.2)   1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.6 (1.3–2.0)
Low verbal skills 1.8 (1.5–2.0) 1.7 (1.5–2.0) 3.7 (2.8–4.7) 2.3 (1.9–2.7) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 4.0 (3.2–5.0)
CANTAB Spatial working memory (strategy): tertiles Good strategy
Medium strategy 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.7 (1.3–2.3) 1.8 (1.5–2.1) 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 1.9 (1.5–2.4)
Poor strategy 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 2.6 (2.1–3.3) 2.3 (1.9–2.8) 1.4 (1.1–1.6) 3.0 (2.5–3.7)
CANTAB risk-taking scores: tertiles Low risk-taking
Medium risk-taking 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 1.4 (1.1–1.7)
High risk-taking 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 2.3 (1.8–3.0) 2.0 (1.7–2.3) 1.8 (1.5–2.2) 2.8 (2.2–3.6)
Adjusted Relative risk ratios* (95% CI)
Overweight Healthy weight
Overweight 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
Obese 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 1.0 (0.7–1.5) 1.3 (1.0–1.8) 1.5 (1.0–2.1) 1.5 (1.0–2.2)
Injury None  
1 1.2 (1.0–1.3) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
2+ 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 1.5 (1.1–2.1) 1.2 (1.0–1.6) 1.1 (0.9–1.5) 2.0 (1.5–2.8)
Asthma symptoms None
1 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 0.9 (0.6–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.6) 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.7 (0.4–1.2)
2+ 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 1.4 (0.8–2.7) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 1.5 (0.7–3.0)
BAS Verbal ability: tertiles High verbal skills
Medium verbal skills 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.5 (1.2–1.9)   1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.5 (1.2–1.9)
Low verbal skills 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.6 (1.3–1.8) 2.5 (1.9–3.2) 2.0 (1.6–2.4) 1.8 (1.4–2.2) 3.3 (2.6–4.1)
CANTAB Spatial working memory (strategy): tertiles Good strategy
Medium strategy 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.5 (1.2–1.9) 1.7 (1.4–2.0) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.6 (1.3–2.1)
Poor strategy 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.1 (1.0–1.4) 2.1 (1.6–2.7) 2.1 (1.8–2.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 2.5 (2.0–3.2)
CANTAB Risk-taking: tertiles Low risk-taking
Medium risk-taking 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
High risk-taking 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 1.6 (1.2–2.2) 1.6 (1.3–1.9) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.6 (1.3–2.1)
  1. MHC mental health competence, Hi PS high prosocial behaviour, Mod PS moderate prosocial behaviour, Hi LS high learning skills, Mod LS moderate learning skills, Low LS low learning skills
  2. *Adjusted for cohort member gender and ethnicity, maternal age at birth of cohort child, maternal academic attainment, maternal mental health and family structure