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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analyses on the contribution of social-ecological factors to total sedentary time

From: Social-ecological correlates of accelerometer-measured occupational sitting among Japanese desk-based workers

 OverallMaleFemale
B (95% CI)pB (95% CI)pB (95% CI)p
Social ecological factors
 Don’t have enough time to take sedentary breaks1.02 (− 4.40 to 6.44)0.71−8.32 (−16.46 to − 0.19)0.045.31 (− 3.45 to 14.07)0.23
 Don’t have enough energy to take sedentary breaks4.81 (−8.09 to 17.71)0.4617.25 (−6.69 to 41.2)0.162.15 (−15.61 to 19.92)0.81
 Sedentary breaks are a low priority2.18 (−2.21 to 6.57)0.331.91 (−3.33 to 7.14)0.470.99 (−7.37 to 9.35)0.81
 Too stressed at work to take sedentary breaks5.12 (−1.23 to 11.46)0.1118.65 (7.04 to 30.25)<0.014.99 (−4.45 to 14.44)0.30
 I am motivated to take sedentary breaks.4.15 (0.29 to 8.00)0.043.52 (−1.38 to 8.43)0.165.52 (−1.05 to 12.09)0.10
 I typically see work colleagues take sedentary breaks.−2.95 (−7.08 to 1.18)0.16−1.9 (−6.95 to 3.15)0.46−3.78 (−10.95 to 3.4)0.30
 The company should encourage sedentary breaks.2.49 (−2.72 to 7.7)0.351.39 (−5.13 to 7.90)0.672.97 (−6.08 to 12.02)0.52
 There is limited space available at my workplace for me to take a short physical activity break.−0.18 (−4.57 to 4.2)0.931.83 (−3.9 to 7.57)0.530.95 (−6.66 to 8.55)0.80
Sociodemographic and health factors
 Sex (ref: male)−6.21 (−9.98 to − 2.45)<0.01    
 Age−0.08 (−0.33 to 0.17)0.520.12 (−0.18 to 0.41)0.44−0.46 (− 0.94 to 0.03)0.06
 Residence area (ref: Koto−ku)−7.57 (−11.44 to − 3.7)<0.01− 9.21 (− 14.19 to − 4.23)<0.01−5.97 (− 12.72 to 0.78)0.08
 Education (ref: high school or lower)1.8 (−0.29 to 3.9)0.092.09 (−0.53 to 4.71)0.121 (−2.81 to 4.8)0.60
 Income (ref: <5 million)0.76 (−0.98 to 2.51)0.391.16 (−0.96 to 3.27)0.28−0.88 (−4.2 to 2.44)0.60
 Marital status (ref: single)−4.21 (−8.57 to 0.16)0.06−1.56 (−7.89 to 4.78)0.63−3.3 (−10.15 to 3.56)0.34
 BMI (Ref: <25.0 kg/m2)4.88 (0.95 to 8.82)0.026.19 (1.77 to 10.61)0.012.15 (−6.33 to 10.63)0.62
 Weekly MVPA−1.01 (−1.6 to − 0.43)<0.01−0.92 (− 1.57 to − 0.27)0.01− 1.17 (−2.36 to 0.02)0.054
Adjusted R20.180.260.05
  1. Social-ecological factors were entered as dichotomized variables: ‘disagree/strongly disagree (=1)’ and ‘agree/strongly agree (=2)’
  2. B Unstandardized regression coefficient; BMI Body mass index,, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity