Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (95% CIs) for incident MetS according to quartiles of dietary pattern scores among 424 children and adolescents

From: The association of dietary patterns and adherence to WHO healthy diet with metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: Tehran lipid and glucose study

   Quartile of Dietary pattern score
  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P trend*
Healthy (n) 106 106 106 106  
Model 1 1.00 0.37(0.14–0.93) 0.54(0.23–1.25) 0.73(0.33–1.59) 0.61
Model 2 1.00 0.36(0.13–0.99) 0.41(0.15–1.06) 0.70(0.28–1.72) 0.43
Unhealthy (n) 107 105 106 106  
Model 1 1.00 0.92(0.39–2.20) 0.64(0.25–1.65) 1.40(0.63–3.13) 0.42
Model 2 1.00 0.81(0.30–2.20) 0.93(0.33–2.57) [2.49(1.00–6.19)] 0.03
Cereal/meat (n) 106 106 106 106  
Model 1 1.00 2.17(0.88–5.33) 1.71(0.67–4.32) 1.27(0.48–3.37) 0.88
Model 2 1.00 2.32(0.86–6.22) 1.54(0.56–4.28) 1.28(0.44–3.66) 0.91
  1. Model 1: Crude
  2. Model 2: Adjusted for baseline age, sex, total energy intake, family history of diabetes, and BMI
  3. *Based on logistic regression model using median scores of dietary patterns in each quartile as a continuous variable