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Table 2 Dietary intake and percentage of children and adolescents complying with WHO healthy diet in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

From: The association of dietary patterns and adherence to WHO healthy diet with metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: Tehran lipid and glucose study

Dietary intakes Recommendation Compliers* (%) Intake (mean ± SD) P**
boys girls boys girls
Total fat (% of Energy) 15–30 42 36.6 32.1 ± 6.38 32.4 ± 7.39 0.71
SFA (% of Energy) < 10 34.3 41.2 11.2 ± 3.06 11.0 ± 3.07 0.38
PUFAs (% of Energy) 6–10 51.9 50.6 6.52 ± 1.99 6.68 ± 2.40 0.47
n-6 PUFAs (% of Energy) 5–8 48.6 49 5.73 ± 1.88 5.83 ± 2.23 0.61
n-3 PUFAs (% of Energy) 1–2 1.1 1.2 0.49 ± 0.17 0.52 ± 0.32 0.34
Trans fatty acid (% of Energy) < 1 6.1 5.8 2.26 ± 1.03 2.20 ± 1.18 0.54
Cholesterol (mg/day) < 300 100 100 151 ± 26.4 154 ± 27.4 0.25
Total carbohydrate (% of Energy) 55–75 65.7 60.5 57.2 ± 6.58 56.8 ± 7.76 0.60
Fruits & vegetables (g/day) ≥400 64.6 67.1 606 ± 429 595 ± 361 0.75
Total dietary fiber (g/day) > 25 46.4 42.4 27.5 ± 15.2 25.3 ± 13.1 0.10
Free sugars (% of Energy) < 10 81.2 84.4 7.05 ± 3.93 6.84 ± 4.74 0.62
Protein (% of Energy) 10–15 78.5 76.1 12.9 ± 2.07 13.2 ± 2.37 0.16
Salt (g/day) < 5 12.2 15.2 11.9 ± 7.69 12.2 ± 9.9 0.32
  1. SFA: Saturated fatty acid, PUFA: Poly unsaturated fatty acids
  2. *Participants who met each component of the WHO healthy diet recommendations are complier of that component
  3. **P value: shown as difference of dietary intakes between genders using t-test