Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of children and adolescents (6–19 years) participating in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 2005–8

From: The association of dietary patterns and adherence to WHO healthy diet with metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents: Tehran lipid and glucose study

  Total (n = 424) Non-MetS subjects (n = 376) MetS subjects (n = 47) P value
Age (year) 13.5 ± 3.71* 13.7 ± 3.7 12.7 ± 3.6 0.10
Family history of diabetes (%) 5.2 5.6 2.2 0.51
Waist circumference (cm) 68.8 ± 10.4 68.0 ± 10.1 75.5 ± 11.2 < 0.01
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 97.9 ± 11.9 97.6 ± 11.8 101 ± 10.2 0.07
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 64.3 ± 10.0 64.5 ± 9.7 65.3 ± 9.5 0.64
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 84.9 ± 6.15 84.7 ± 6.12 87.2 ± 5.9 0.008
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dl) 45.8 ± 10.5 46.5 ± 10.8 40.7 ± 6.8 < 0.01
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 89.1 ± 42.2 79.0 ± 1.4 106 ± 1.5 < 0.01
Physical activity (Met/hour/week) 14.9 ± 14.7 15.1 ± 15.4 13.3 ± 7.8 0.41
  1. * Values are reported as mean ± SD or percentages, using independent t-test for quantitative variables and chi square for qualitative variables
  2. P value: shown as difference between MetS and non-MetS subjects at baseline