Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General demographic information of the four groups, n (%)

From: Knowledge, attitudes, practices and information demand in relation to haze in China: a cross-sectional study

Demographic factors College students Occupational population Traffic police Elderly population Total
Number of surveys    267 320 161 140 888
Age, mean ± SD    20.4 ± 2.2 43.5 ± 10.2 41.4 ± 8.9 65.6 ± 6.8 39.6 ± 1.9
Sex   Male 17 (6.4) 57 (17.8) 140 (87.0) 38 (27.1) 252 (28.4)
   Female 250 (93.6) 263 (82.2) 21 (13.0) 102 (72.9) 636 (71.6)
Level of education   <High school 8 (3.0) 43 (13.4) 19 (11.8) 47 (33.6) 117 (13.2)
   ≥College 259 (97.0) 277 (86.6) 142 (88.2) 93 (66.4) 771 (86.8)
Exercise   No 30 (11.2) 21 (6.6) 29 (18.0) 3 (2.1) 83 (9.3)
   Yes 237 (88.8) 299 (93.4) 132 (82.0) 137 (97.9) 807 (90.7)
Exercise frequency   < 3 times a week 211 (89.0) 198 (66.2) 104 (78.8) 69 (50.4) 582 (72.3)
   ≥3 times a week 26 (11.0) 101 (33.8) 28 (21.2) 68 (49.6) 223 (27.7)
Exercise location   Indoors 73 (30.8) 63 (21.1) 26 (19.7) 20 (14.6) 182 (22.6)
   Outdoors 164 (69.2) 236 (78.9) 106 (80.3) 117 (85.4) 623 (77.4)
Illness   No 224 (83.9) 202 (63.1) 96 (59.6) 60 (42.9) 582 (65.5)
   Yes 43 (16.1) 118 (36.9) 65 (40.4) 80 (57.1) 306 (34.5)
Attitude Q1 Strongly disagree/disagree 80 (30.0) 88 (27.5) 50 (31.0) 40 (28.5) 258 (29.1)
   Neither 147 (55.1) 172 (53.8) 86 (53.4) 74 (52.9) 479 (53.9)
   Strongly agree/agree 40 (14.9) 60 (18.8) 25 (15.5) 26 (18.6) 151 (17.1)
  Q2 Strongly disagree/disagree 44 (16.4) 11 (3.5) 10 (6.2) 5 (3.5) 70(7.9)
   Neither 142 (53.2) 89 (27.8) 36 (22.4) 45 (32.1) 312 (35.1)
   Strongly agree/agree 81 (30.3) 220 (68.8) 115 (71.5) 90 (64.3) 506 (57.0)
  Q3 Strongly disagree/disagree 35 (13.1) 8 (2.5) 2 (1.2) 1 (0.7) 46 (5.2)
   Neither 143 (53.6) 111 (34.7) 42 (26.1) 47 (33.6) 343 (38.6)
   Strongly agree/agree 89 (33.3) 201 (62.8) 117 (72.7) 92 (65.7) 499 (56.2)
  Q4 Strongly disagree/disagree 44 (16.5) 14 (4.4) 5 (3.1) 11 (7.8) 74 (8.3)
   Neither 114 (42.7) 110 (34.4) 43 (26.7) 47 (33.6) 314 (35.4)
   Strongly agree/agree 109 (40.8) 196 (61.2) 113 (70.2) 82 (58.6) 500 (56.3)
  Q5 Strongly disagree/disagree 11 (4.1) 8 (2.5) 3 (1.9) 4 (2.8) 26 (2.9)
   Neither 71 (26.6) 29 (9.1) 29 (18.0) 19 (13.6) 148 (16.7)
   Strongly agree/agree 185 (69.3) 283 (88.4) 129 (80.1) 117 (83.6) 714 (80.4)
  Q6 Strongly disagree/disagree 20 (7.5) 5 (1.5) 2 (1.2) 6 (4.3) 33 (3.7)
   Neither 108 (40.4) 93 (29.1) 40 (24.8) 47 (33.6) 288 (32.4)
   Strongly agree/agree 139 (52.1) 222 (69.4) 119 (73.9) 87 (62.1) 567 (63.8)
Practice levels   Good practice 77 (28.8) 147 (45.9) 69 (42.9) 59 (42.1) 352 (39.6)
   Moderate practice 190 (71.2) 173 (54.1) 92 (57.1) 81 (57.9) 536 (60.4)
  1. Attitude Q: Attitude Question
  2. 1. Are you satisfied with the air quality in Changchun?
  3. 2. Will you know the latest haze situation issued by the authorities timely and accurately?
  4. 3. Have you paid attention to the haze weather?
  5. 4. Will you take protective measures initiatively?
  6. 5. Are you willing to reduce the impact of haze pollution through your own efforts?
  7. 6. Do you think every citizen is responsible for the haze pollution?