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Table 2 Conclusions regarding the public-private partnerships (PPP) in health promotion according to characteristics of the PPP or the evaluation

From: Promoting population health with public-private partnerships: Where’s the evidence?

Characteristics of the PPP or the evaluation N totala Conclusions regarding PPP in health promotion P Value
Critical/Semi-critical
N (%)
Supportive/Tentatively supportive
N (%)
Health problem targeted     0.040
 Non-communicable Disease 15 8 (53.3) 7 (46.7)  
 Infectious disease (TB, Malaria, HIV) 7 0 (0.0) 7 (100.0)  
 Other b 3 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7)  
Potential for conflict between business interests of private partner and the health promotion activity     0.010
 High potential 10 7 (70.0) 3 (30.0)  
 Moderate potential 4 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0)  
 Low potential 11 1 (9.1) 10 (90.9)  
Independence of evaluation     0.000
 Yes 10 8 (80.0) 2 (20.0)  
 No 14 0 (0.0) 14 (100.0)  
 Unclear 1 1 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
Quality of evaluation     0.003
 Strong 9 7 (77.8) 2 (22.2)  
 Moderate 9 2 (22.2) 7 (77.8)  
 Weak 7 0 (0.0) 7 (100.0)  
Research Type     0.412
 Quantitative 7 6 (85.7) 1 (14.3)  
 Qualitative 13 7 (53.8) 6 (46.1)  
 Mixed-methods 5 3 (60.0) 2 (40.0)  
Evaluation Type     0.373
 Impact with quantifiable health-related outcomes 2 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0)  
 Process with quantifiable intermediate outcomes 11 3 (27.3) 8 (72.7)  
 Process without quantifiable intermediate outcomes 12 6 (50.0) 6 (50.0)  
Total 25 9 (36.0) 16 (64.0)  
  1. aEvaluations of 25 PPPs from 36 scientific articles. bUrban food insecurity, health at work, vaccine preventable disease