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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analysis for the association factors with the higher level of burnout and their subscale among GPs (N = 922)

From: Prevalence of burnout and associated factors among general practitioners in Hubei, China: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Burnout in all three dimensions EE DP PA
B (SE) P value B (SE) P value B (SE) P value B (SE) P value
Intercept 88.84 (7.23) < 0.001 50.65 (4.4) < 0.001 13.28 (1.79) < 0.001 23.09 (4.69) < 0.001
Age (years) − 0.01(0.22) 0.951 − 0.11(0.13) 0.385 −0.04 (0.05) 0.463 −0.14 (0.14) 0.317
Work tenure (years) −0.10 (0.19) 0.611 −0.02 (0.11) 0.842 0.01 (0.05) 0.866 0.08 (0.12) 0.509
Job satisfaction − 1.30 (0.10) < 0.001 −0.65 (4.40) < 0.001 −0.20 (0.02) < 0.001 0.46 (0.06) < 0.001
Sex
 Men 1.95 (1.40) 0.164 −0.13 (0.85) 0.878 0.55 (0.35) 0.111 −1.53 (0.91) 0.093
 Women 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Education level
 Associated degree or vocational diplomaa 1.43 (1.34) 0.287 −0.07 (0.82) 0.933 −0.02 (0.33) 0.96 −1.52 (0.87) 0.08
 Bachelor degree or higher 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Marital status
 Married −5.37 (2.46) 0.03 −2.86 (1.50) 0.056 −1.17 (0.61) 0.054 1.33 (1.60) 0.404
 Unmarried/widow/divorced 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Contract status
 Permanent 0.25 (1.42) 0.86 0.31 (0.86) 0.723 −0.23 (0.35) 0.51 −0.18 (0.92) 0.846
 Temporaryb 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Job title
 Elementary or lessc −0.13 (1.46) 0.93 −1.96 (0.89) 0.028 0.78 (0.36) 0.03 −1.04 (0.95) 0.271
 Intermediate or higherd 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Practice setting
 THC −0.35 (1.39) 0.804 0.33 (0.85) 0.702 0.21 (0.34) 0.549 0.88 (0.90) 0.332
 CHC 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Average monthly income
 < 2500 −1.59 (1.83) 0.387 0.06 (1.12) 0.957 −0.68 (0.45) 0.137 0.97 (1.19) 0.414
 2500~ −1.03 (1.63) 0.526 −0.12 (0.99) 0.9 −0.42 (0.4) 0.3 0.49 (1.06) 0.643
 3500~ 0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  
Has management responsibility
 Yes 1.08 (1.40) 0.441 −0.65 (0.85) 0.446 0.49 (0.35) 0.158 0.06 (0.91) 0.948
 No 0.00   0.00 0.00 0.00
Workplace violence
 No −6.36 (1.26) < 0.001 −5.3 (0.77) < 0.001 −1.59 (0.31) < 0.001 −0.53 (0.82) 0.519
 Yes 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
  1. Abbreviations: CHC Community health center, DP Depersonalization, EE Emotion exhaustion, PA Personal accomplishment, THC Township health center
  2. aGPs who have acquired associate degree or vocational diploma. An associate degree required 3 years of education in college after graduation from senior middle school (grade year 10 to year 12), or 5 years of education in college after graduation from junior middle school (grade year 7 to year 9). A vocational diploma requires 2 years of education in vocational schools after graduation from senior middle school, or 3 years of education in vocational schools after graduation from junior middle school
  3. bWages and welfares of GPs would be paid by the Chinese government public health services expenditure. GPs were unable to be freely fired off by health institutions
  4. cGPs were with junior or without any technical title
  5. dGPs were with middle or senior professional title
  6. Significant values (P < 0.05) are presented in bold