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Table 1 Burnout score according to socio-demographic and work-related characteristics

From: Prevalence of burnout and associated factors among general practitioners in Hubei, China: a cross-sectional study

  Burnout EE DP PA
Variables N (%) Mean (SD) P value Mean (SD) P value Mean (SD) P value Mean (SD) P value
Age group (years)
 < 30 84 (8.28) 39.00 (20.37) 0.1751 19.71(11.41) 0.0124 4.36 (4.76) 0.0280 33.07 (11.08) 0.0683
 30~ 405 (39.94) 37.12 (20.28) 19.33 (12.24) 4.21 (4.97) 34.42 (11.20)
 40~ 474 (46.75) 35.18 (19.90) 18.54 (11.83) 3.70 (4.65) 35.06 (11.78)
 50~ 51 (5.03) 33.04 (19.82) 13.61(12.97) 2.31 (3.34) 30.88 (16.26)
Sex
 Men 659 (64.99) 37.5 (20.40) 0.0032 19.17 (12.40) 0.0732 4.19 (5.08) 0.0061 33.87 (12.03) 0.0365
 Women 355 (35.01) 33.6 (19.3) 17.75 (11.28) 3.34 (4.02) 35.49 (11.28)
Education level
 Associated degree or vocational diplomaa 479 (49.90) 35.92 (20.21) 0.6347 17.98 (12.37) 0.0492 3.84 (4.86) 0.6805 33.90 (12.25) 0.1698
 Bachelor degree or above 521 (52.10) 36.52 (20.03) 19.48 (11.78) 3.96 (4.69) 34.92 (11.32)
Marital status
 Unmarried/widow/divorced 67 (6.70) 42.48 (21.19) 0.0076 22.00 (12.15) 0.0196 5.52 (5.49) 0.0128 33.04 (9.88) 0.319
 Married 933 (93.30) 35.67 (20.04) 18.44 (12.03) 3.77 (4.67) 34.53 (11.91)
Contract status
 Permanent 734 (73.18) 35.91 (20.27) 0.3553 18.58 (12.16) 0.5732 3.75 (4.74) 0.0731 34.42 (12.20) 0.7728
 Temporaryb 269 (26.82) 37.24 (19.78) 19.07 (11.87) 4.36 (4.81) 34.19 (10.68)
Average monthly income (RMB Yuan)
 < 2500 340 (33.76) 37.9 (20.5) 0.1322 19.85 (12.60) 0.0951 4.17 (4.93) 0.3162 34.15 (11.36) 0.7700
 2500~ 474 (47.07) 35.0 (20.0) 18.04 (11.96) 3.67 (4.68) 34.70 (12.21)
 3500~ 193 (19.17) 36.1 (19.6) 18.32 (11.32) 3.97 (4.65) 34.20 (11.58)
Professional level
 Elementary or lessc 482 (47.96) 35.84 (20.14) 0.5844 17.90 (11.82) 0.0397 4.18 (5.08) 0.0908 34.24 (11.41) 0.6236
 Intermediate or higherd 523 (52.04) 36.53 (20.10) 19.47 (12.30) 3.67 (4.45) 34.60 (12.15)
Has management responsibility
 Yes 332 (34.05) 37.03 (20.89) 0.3196 19.32 (12.61) 0.2649 4.14 (5.23) 0.1677 34.42 (12.20) 0.9954
 No 643 (65.95) 35.70 (19.49) 18.41 (11.70) 3.70 (4.33) 34.43 (11.54)
Practice setting
 CHC 563 (55.47) 35.19 (19.47) 0.0858 18.13 (11.36) 0.0912 3.70 (4.47) 0.1177 34.63 (11.40) 0.5683
 THC 452 (44.53) 37.37 (20.82) 19.42 (12.85) 4.15 (5.07) 34.21 (12.25)
Work tenure (years) 16.32 (7.90)         
 < 10 236 (23.32) 38.75 (19.77) 0.0423 19.72 (11.17) 0.3132 4.49 (5.08) 0.0506 33.46 (10.88) 0.1912
 10~ 385 (38.04) 34.57 (19.88) 18.24 (12.14) 3.53 (4.23) 35.19 (11.41)
 20~ 391 (38.64) 36.16 (20.44) 18.54 (12.50) 3.86 (4.99) 34.25 (12.65)
Workplace violence
 Yes 631 (62.17) 39.98 (20.52) < 0.0001 21.43 (12.54) < 0.0001 4.74 (5.29) < 0.0001 34.19 (10.90) 0.3963
 No 384 (37.83) 29.88 (17.70) 14.23 (9.69) 2.51 (3.25) 34.86 (13.10)
  1. Abbreviations: CHC Community health center, DP Depersonalization, EE Emotion exhaustion, PA Personal accomplishment, SD Standard deviation, THC Township health center
  2. aGPs who have acquired associate degree or vocational diploma. An associate degree required 3 years of education in college after graduation from senior middle school (grade year 10 to year 12), or 5 years of education in college after graduation from junior middle school (grade year 7 to year 9). A vocational diploma requires 2 years of education in vocational schools after graduation from senior middle school, or 3 years of education in vocational schools after graduation from junior middle school
  3. bWages and welfares of GPs would be paid by the Chinese government public health services expenditure. GPs were unable to be freely fired off by health institutions
  4. cGPs were with junior or without any technical title
  5. dGPs were with middle or senior professional title