Skip to main content

Table 4 Miscellaneous behaviors and influenza vaccine in relation to the frequency of influenza-like illness among adults in Saudi Arabia

From: Do various personal hygiene habits protect us against influenza-like illness?

Behavior Frequency of influenza-like illness in 4 weeks
n 2082 (%)
OR 95% Conf. Interval
1–3b > 3b
Touch my eyes and nose
 Never 97 (18.9) 283 (18.0) REF  
 Rarely 266 (52.0) 771 (49.1) 0.99 0.76–1.3
 Sometimes 98 (19.1) 298 (19.0) 1.04 0.75–1.44
 Always 51 (10.0) 218 (13.9) 1.47 1.0–2.15
Action on sneezing
 On my hands 478 (30.4) 148 (28.9) 1.06 0.8–1.4
 On my clothes 113 (7.2) 39 (7.6) 1.18 0.77–1.81
 Using napkins 438 (27.9) 166 (32.4) 1.30 0.98–1.73
 On my forearm 184 (11.7) 55 (10.7) 1.03 0.71–1.49
 On the air 357 (22.7) 104 (20.3) REF  
Influenza Vaccination this
 Year     
 Yes 106 (6.8) 42 (8.2) 1.23 0.85–1.79
 No 1464 (93.2) 470 (91.8) REF  
Annual influenza vaccination
 Yes 66 (15.1) 12 (7.8) 0.47 0.25–0.90a
 No 370 (84.9) 142 (92.2) REF  
  1. OR Odds Ratio
  2. The data are presented as numbers (%) and 95%Confidence Interval for comparison and Statistical significance
  3. aStatistically significant difference
  4. bNumber of times people were affected with influenza-like illness