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Table 3 Usage of other people’s personal items and the frequency of influenza-like illness adults in Saudi Arabia

From: Do various personal hygiene habits protect us against influenza-like illness?

Personal Belongings Frequency of influenza-like illness in the past 4 weeks
n 2082 (%)
OR 95% Conf. Interval
1–3** > 3**
Other people’s towel
 Never 11 (5.6) 26 (5.2) REF  
 Rarely 42 (21.5) 91 (18.3) 0.92 0.41–2.03
 Sometimes 33 (16.9) 91 (18.3) 1.17 0.52–2.62
 Always 109 (55.9) 288 (58.1) 1.21 0.53–2.34
Other people’s spoon
 Never 11 (5.6) 29 (5.8) REF  
 Rarely 34 (17.3) 97 (19.4) 0.92 0.42–2.05
 Sometimes 38 (19.3) 93 (18.6) 0.86 0.50–1.48
 Always 114 (57.9) 281 (56.2) 0.86 0.55–1.35
Other people’s Habli Babli (shisha)
 Never 17 (8.9) 33 (6.7) REF  
 Rarely 25 (13.0) 49 (9.9) 1 0.47–2.15
 Sometimes 16 (8.3) 25 (5.0) 0.8 0.34–1.9
 Always 134 (69.8) 389 (78.4) 1.5 0.81–2.77
Other people’s straw
 Never 3 (1.6) 7 (1.4) REF  
 Rarely 25 (13.0) 70 (14.1) 1.2 0.28–5.0
 Sometimes 33 (17.1) 56 (11.3) 0.73 0.18–3.0
 Always 132 (68.4) 364 (73.2) 1.18 0.3–4.6
Other people’s used glass
 Never 33 (16.5) 59 (11.6) REF  
 Rarely 64 (32.0) 176 (34.6) 1.54 0.92–2.57
 Sometimes 44 (22.0) 108 (21.2) 1.37 0.79–2.38
 Always 59 (29.5) 166 (32.6) 1.57 0.94–2.65
  1. OR Odds Ratio
  2. The data are presented as numbers (%) and 95%Confidence Interval for comparison and Statistical significance
  3. **Number of times people were affected with influenza-like illness