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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants (n = 47,022)

From: Pre-travel health care attendance among migrant travellers visiting friends and relatives (VFR): a 10-year retrospective analysis

  All (n = 47,022) Non-VFR (n = 40,569) VFR (n = 6453) Comparison
N (column %) N (column %) N (column %) P value°
Sex     <  0.001
 Male 22,712 (48.3) 20,224 (49.8) 2488 (38.6)  
 Female 24,310 (51.7) 20,345 (50.2) 3965 (61.4)  
Agea 34.7 ± 13.9 35.8 ± 12.5 28.7 ± 18.7 <  0.001
Area of origin     <  0.001
 Africa 2257 (4.8) 215 (0.5) 2042 (31.7)  
 Asia 752 (1.6) 124 (0.3) 628 (9.7)  
 Australia 19 (0.0) 12 (0.0) 6 (0.1)  
 Europe 39,828 (84.7) 39,764 (98.0) 64 (1.0)  
 North America 28 (0.1) 20 (0.1) 8 (0.1)  
 Cen. America 517 (1.1) 36 (0.1) 481 (7.5)  
 South America 3621 (7.7) 397 (1.0) 3223 (49.9)  
Travel destination     <  0.001
 Africa 14,859 (31.6) 12,779 (31.5) 2080 (32.2)  
 Asia 6301 (13.4) 5842 (14.4) 459 (7.1)  
 SEA 11,614 (24.7) 11,481 (28.3) 133 (2.1)  
 Cen. America 3950 (8.4) 3489 (8.6) 461 (7.1)  
 South America 9640 (20.5) 6369 (15.7) 3270 (50.7)  
 Others 658 (1.4) 609 (1.5) 49 (0.8)  
  1. VFR Travellers visiting friends and relatives, SEA South-eastern Asia
  2. °P value obtained by chi-squared (χ2) and Student’s t-tests
  3. aMean ± standard deviation