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Table 4 Years of life lost in Sweden if snus had not been introduced – summary of results

From: Using data on snus use in Sweden to compare different modelling approaches to estimate the population health impact of introducing a smoke-free tobacco product

  Lung cancer COPD IHD Stroke
Approach 2 113,640 17,212 178,966 33,363
PHIM f = 0.0, g = 1.0 108,295 18,823 211,706 36,046
PHIM f = 0.0, g = 1.0 (survival adjusted) 105,394 17,672 200,717 33,279
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 0.9 105,974 18,695 207,174 35,045
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 1.0 100,229 17,722 197,149 33,480
PHIM f = 0.1, g = 1.1 94,599 16,759 187,228 31,928
PHIM f = 0.2, g = 1.0 92,545 16,642 183,040 30,974
PHIM g = 0.9, f = 0.0 114,230 19,808 221,920 37,636
PHIM g = 0.8, f = 0.0 120,293 20,802 232,247 39,239
PHIM g = 0.5, f = 0.0 139,294 23,845 263,920 44,136
  1. Table 4 shows the increase in the number of years of life lost that would have occurred in the years 1980–2009 in Swedish males aged 30–79 if snus had not been introduced, as estimated by the different methods