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Table 3 Hazard ratios for time to contraceptive uptake within 6 months postpartum, bivariate and adjusted

From: Effect of integrating maternal health services and family planning services on postpartum family planning behavior in Ethiopia: results from a longitudinal survey

  Bivariate Adjusted
HR p-value HR p-value
PPFP counseling (ref: No ANC or PNC counseling)
 ANC counseling only 1.2 0.75 1.3 0.37
 PNC counseling only 2.3 0.03 3.4 <.01
 ANC and PNC counseling 2.2 0.07 2.5 0.01
 Intend to use family planning in the future 5.0 <.01 4.7 0.01
Pregnancy wantedness (ref: Then)
 Later 1.1 0.56 1.1 0.82
 Not at all 0.3 0.10 0.3 0.04
 Facility delivery 1.8 0.08 1.3 0.36
 Return of menstrual cycle 4.5 < 0.01 2.9 <.01
 Exclusive breastfeeding 0.7 0.33 1.1 0.77
 Urban (ref: rural) 2.3 <.001 0.8 0.42
Age (ref: 15–24)
 25–34 0.6 0.09   
 35–49 0.3 <.01   
Parity (ref: 1)
 2–3 1.0 0.90 1.0 0.89
 4 or more 0.3 <.01 0.3 <.01
Education (ref: Never)
 Primary 2.2 0.01 1.0 0.96
 Secondary or higher 3.5 <.01 1.3 0.56
Wealth (ref: Poorest)
 Wealthier (ref: Poorest) 2.2 <.01   
 Wealthiest 3.5 <.01