Skip to main content

Table 1 Typology of smoking beliefs: expectations of gender patterns according to the literature

From: Smoking beliefs across genders, a comparative analysis of seven European countries

  Positive Negative
Individual Feeling relaxed (G)
Losing weight (G)
Health risks (G)
Physical appearance (G)
Physical activity (B)
Social Social influence (G)
Social status/popularity (B&G)
Attractiveness (B&G)
Friends’ influence (G)
Getting into trouble (G)
  1. Note: B: expected to be more frequently quoted by boys; G: expected to be more frequently quoted by girls