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Table 3 BACE overall and subscale scores in the baseline and follow-up surveys

From: Change in treatment coverage and barriers to mental health care among adults with depression and alcohol use disorder: a repeat cross sectional community survey in Nepal

  Mean (SD) Unadjusted Adjusted
BACE overall and subscales (Number of items) Baseline Follow-up IRRa (CI) P IRRa (CI) P
Depression
Overall BACE (30) 34.0 (13.0) 29.4 (12.3) 0.87 (0.68–1.00) 0.239 0.92 (0.71–1.20) 0.557
Stigma (12) 14.3 (6.3) 12.2 (6.7) 0.85 (0.67–1.09) 0.202 0.92 (0.70–1.20) 0.542
Financial barriers (3) 3.8 (1.8) 2.8 (1.6) 0.73 (0.56–0.96) 0.025 0.80 (0.59–1.07) 0.135
Cultural practices and beliefs (4) 3.1 (1.6) 2.8 (1.5) 0.88 (0.67–1.16) 0.376 0.92 (0.68–1.24) 0.583
Low perceived needs (4) 4.4 (2.3) 4.6 (2.1) 1.04 (0.81–1.35) 0.738 1.13 (0.85–1.50) 0.405
Lack of knowledge about available services (1) 1.3 (0.91) 1.5 (0.91) 1.18 (0.87–1.60) 0.275 1.20 (0.84–1.69) 0.296
Perceived ineffectiveness of services (3) 2.4 (1.7) 2.1 (1.6) 0.87 (0.65–1.50) 0.324 0.89 (0.65–1.22) 0.462
Lack of support (3) 3.3 (2.0) 2.4 (1.5) 0.72 (0.55–0.95) 0.021 0.78 (0.58–1.06) 0.112
AUD
Overall BACE (30) 31.2 (13.2) 25.5 (13.5) 0.82 (0.59–1.13) 0.223 0.78 (0.54–1.11) 0.172
Stigma (12) 13.0 (7.2) 10.6 (6.6) 0.82 (0.59–1.14) 0.232 0.75 (0.52–1.08) 0.127
Financial barriers (3) 3.5 (1.7) 2.4 (1.7) 0.68 (0.47–0.99) 0.044 0.70 (0.46–1.06) 0.095
Cultural practice and beliefs (4) 3.0 (1.6) 2.6 (1.5) 0.86 (0.59–1.25) 0.437 0.87 (0.57–1.31) 0.507
Low perceived needs (4) 4.0 (2.2) 3.9 (2.3) 0.97 (0.68–1.38) 0.850 0.90 (0.61–1.32) 0.587
Lack of knowledge about available services (1) 1.4 (1.0) 1.3 (1.0) 0.93 (0.61–1.41) 0.720 0.86 (0.54–1.37) 0.529
Perceived ineffectiveness of services (3) 2.1 (1.6) 1.9 (1.6) 0.91 (0.62–1.34) 0.632 0.87 (0.75–1.35) 0.547
Lack of support (3) 2.7 (1.7) 2.8 (8.1) 1.02 (0.71–1.49) 0.839 0.83 (0.40–1.29) 0.415
  1. a IRR Incidence risk ratio