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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the participants in the baseline and follow-up surveys

From: Change in treatment coverage and barriers to mental health care among adults with depression and alcohol use disorder: a repeat cross sectional community survey in Nepal

Variables Baseline (N = 1983) Follow-up (N = 1499) χ2, p
N a % N a %
Sex
 Male 703 39.9 427 31.7 18.3, < 0.001
 Female 1280 60.1 1072 68.3
Age (years)
 18–24 296 18.4 221 17.1 0.43, 0.649
 25–59 1418 68.1 1089 69.5
60 and above 269 13.5 189 13.3
Education
 Not schooling 275 13.2 176 11.8 7.5, < 0.001
 Literate/less than primary 315 14.9 304 19.9
 Primary 360 17.6 381 22.7
 Secondary 822 41.6 518 36.1
 College /University 211 12.7 120 9.5
Marital status
 Single 215 13.6 135 10.7 3.6, 0.027
 Married 1645 81.5 1253 82.8
 Others (widow/divorced/separated) 123 4.9 111 6.5
Caste/Ethnicity
 Brahmin/Chhetri 948 48.3 772 51.5 1.0, 0.391
 Janajati 542 27.4 388 25.3
 Dalit 308 15.0 229 13.7
 Others 185 9.3 110 9.5
Religion
 Hindu 1604 80.3 1239 82.4 1.6, 0.201
 Non-Hindu 379 19.7 260 17.6
Occupation
 Agriculture 1335 64.2 839 55.6 16.3, < 0.001
 Service/Business 297 15.5 204 13.5
 Students/Unemployed 244 15.0 384 26.2
 Others 107 5.3 72 4.8
Family income sufficient to manage foods for the period of
 Up to 6 months 352 16.8 29 1.7 126.0, < 0.001
 6 to 9 months 307 15.4 119 7.9
 9–12 months or above 1324 67.8 1351 90.4
Clinical characteristics
 Screen positive on PHQ-9 228 11.1 118 7.6 9.3, 0.002
 Screen positive on AUDIT 96 5.0 74 4.9 0.04, 0.839
  1. a %, sample weighted percent;
  2. N non-weighted sample size