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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios for overweight and obesity associated with selected demographic and behavioural factors in ACT Year 6 children, 2006–2018

From: Trends in overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status in Year 6 school children, Australian Capital Territory, 2006–2018

CharacteristicsPrevalence Ratios (95% CI)
UnadjustedAdjusteda
Demographic factors
 Sex
  BoysRef.Ref.
  Girls0.93 (0.85, 1.02)0.90 (0.82, 0.98)
 Indigenous status
  Non-IndigenousRef.Ref.
  Indigenous1.51 (1.25, 1.83)1.44 (1.19, 1.76)
 ICSEA quintile (school-level)
  Highest (least deprived)Ref.Ref.
  Fourth1.20 (1.02, 1.41)1.19 (0.97, 1.46)
  Third1.29 (1.09, 1.52)1.27 (1.03, 1.55)
  Second1.50 (1.29, 1.75)1.36 (1.12, 1.65)
  Lowest (most deprived)1.66 (1.43, 1.94)1.52 (1.25, 1.84)
Behavioural factors
 Physical activity (60 m/d)
  6–7 days per weekRef.Ref.
  3–5 days per week1.37 (1.24, 1.53)1.35 (1.21, 1.51)
  0–2 days per week1.64 (1.44, 1.86)1.56 (1.37, 1.78)
 TV and computer time weekdays
  0–1 h per dayRef.Ref.
  2–4 h per day1.38 (1.25, 1.52)1.29 (1.17, 1.43)
  5 h or more1.63 (1.40, 1.89)1.44 (1.23, 1.68)
 Sugar-sweetened drink consumptionb
  NeverRef.
  Less than once a week1.15 (1.00, 1.33)
  1–3 times a week1.30 (1.11, 1.52)
  4–6 times a week1.32 (1.08, 1.61)
  Everyday1.58 (1.25, 2.00)
 Fast food consumptionb
  NeverRef.
  Less than once a week1.10 (0.96, 1.26)
  1–3 times a week1.23 (1.04, 1.44)
  4 times a week or more1.31 (1.01, 1.71)
  1. aAdjusted for sex, Indigenous status, ICSEA (Index of Community Socio-Educational Advantage), physical activity and screen time
  2. bStepwise regression method was used for selecting variables for inclusion in the multiple regression model. SSD and fast food consumption were not included in the final model because, after adjustment for other factors, the associations were no longer significant