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Table 2 Distribution of perinatal mortality by selected maternal socioeconomic, demographic characteristics, child demographic characteristics, and health and environmental factors in Tigray (n = 2738)

From: Statistical analysis of socioeconomic and demographic correlates of perinatal mortality in Tigray region, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Covariates Categories Distribution of children Perinatal death
N % N %
Maternal age 29 and less 366 13.4 24 6.6
30–34 493 18 21 4.2
35–39 756 27.6 38 5
40–44 623 22.8 36 5.8
45–49 500 18.3 51 10.2
Maternal education No education 2074 75.7 124 6
Primary educ. 555 20.3 38 6.8
Secondary/higher 109 4.0 8 7
Husband education No education 1537 56.1 102 6.6
Primary educ. 1012 37 55 5.4
Secondary/higher 189 6.9 13 6.9
Sex of household head Male 2573 94 149 5.8
Female 165 6 21 12.7
Sex of child Male 1405 51.3 108 7.7
Female 1333 48.7 62 4.6
Residence Urban 309 11.3 11 3.6
Rural 2429 88.7 159 6.5
Birth interval 15 and less 154 5.6 120 77.9
16–26 633 23.1 50 7.9
27–38 992 36.2 51 5
39 and more 959 35 35 3.6
Birth order 3 and less 1266 46.2 86 6.8
4–5 814 29.7 40 4.9
6 and more 658 24 44 6.7
Source of drinking water Piped water 683 24.9 33 4.8
Protected well 1224 44.7 71 5.8
Unprotected well 831 30.4 66 7.9
Toilet No toilet facility 1495 54.6 116 7.8
With toilet facility 1243 45.4 54 4.3
Wealth index Poor 914 33.4 75 8.2
Middle 1122 41 69 6
Rich 702 25.6 26 3.7
Parity 3 and less 342 12.5 29 8.5
4–5 632 23.1 25 4
6–8 1274 46.5 60 4.7
9 and more 490 17.9 56 11.4
Mother’s HIV status No 2280 83.3 147 6.4
Yes 458 16.7 23 5
Maternal occupation Not working 992 36.2 50 5
Agricultural sector 575 21 53 9.2
Non-agricultural sector 1171 42.8 67 5.7
Total perinatal death     170 6.2
Early neonatal     111 4.1
Stillbirth     59 2.1