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Table 4 Strategies for modifying diet and physical activity

From: Development of interventions for an intelligent and individualized mobile health care system to promote healthy diet and physical activity: using an intervention mapping framework

Strategies Strategies derived from BCT or IM taxonomy Precontemplation Stage Contemplation Stage Action stage and Maintenance stage Number of evidence-based methods (N = 61)
BCT IM Taxonomy Risk perception Outcome expectation Action planning Action self-efficacy Coping self-efficacy Coping planning Behavioral enjoyment Effectiveness perception Social support Maintenance self-efficacy
1 Psychological cues        12
2 Visualization          6
3 Peer impact           5
4 Fear arousal           5
5 Dynamic monitoring and individualized, immediate feedback         2
6 Increase knowledge interestingly           2
7 Re-attribution           1
8 Personalized action planning            1
9 Friendly reminders             1
10 Role model/modelling         5
11 Authority influence             1
12 Comparison of behavior             1
13 Decisional balance             1
14 Easy-to-do             1
15 Encourage             1
16 Increase self-control             1
17 Self-affirmation            1
18 Self-reevaluation            1
19 Social support            2
20 Increase sense of control             3
21 Public commitment            1
22 Step by step             1
23 Experience of success or enjoyment          4
24 Accept            1
25 Increase sense of experience            3
26 Increase sense of gain            1
27 Increase sense of success            1
28 Individualization             1
29 Considerate service             1
30 Family impact             1
31 Stimulate interest              1
  1. BCT Behavior Change Techniques, IM Intervention Mapping
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