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Table 3 The prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among Chinese adults from the CHNS: 1989–2011

From: The prevalence and increasing trends of overweight, general obesity, and abdominal obesity among Chinese adults: a repeated cross-sectional study

Indicators 1989 1991 1993 1997 2000 2004 2006 2009 2011 Z P
n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI) n %(CI)
Overweight
 Total 1080 21.26 (20.13–22.38) 1983 23.66 (22.75–24.57) 2032 25.35 (24.39–26.30) 2469 29.14 (28.17–30.11) 3270 34.88 (33.92–35.85) 3335 36.65 (35.66–37.64) 3405 37.67 (36.67–38.67) 3654 38.77 (37.78–39.75) 5141 40.99 (40.13–41.85) 32.51 <.0001
 Adjusteda 1080 23.82 (22.65–25.00) 1983 24.15 (23.23–25.06) 2032 25.64 (24.68–26.59) 2469 28.93 (27.97–29.90) 3270 34.34 (33.38–35.30) 3335 35.38 (34.39–36.36) 3405 36.01 (35.02–37.00) 3654 36.27 (35.30–37.24) 5141 38.80 (37.95–39.65)   
 Men
  Overall 422 17.58 (16.05–19.10) 839 20.71 (19.46–21.95) 885 22.89 (21.56–24.21) 1144 27.43 (26.07–28.78) 1529 33.83 (32.45–35.21) 1607 36.96 (35.52–38.39) 1640 38.54 (37.08–40.01) 1797 40.07 (38.63–41.50) 2535 43.04 (41.77–44.30) 29.03 <.0001
  Adjusteda 422 16.49 (15.01–17.97) 839 21.19 (19.93–22.45) 885 23.17 (21.84–24.50) 1144 27.38 (26.03–28.74) 1529 33.47 (32.10–34.85) 1607 36.26 (34.83–37.69) 1640 37.59 (36.14–39.05) 1797 38.36 (36.94–39.78) 2535 42.04 (40.78–43.30)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 318 16.15 (14.52–17.78) 376 17.49 (15.88–19.09) 365 19.03 (17.27–20.79) 435 23.04 (21.14–24.94) 546 29.07 (27.02–31.13) 468 33.12 (30.67–35.58) 415 34.04 (31.38–36.70) 395 33.22 (30.54–35.90) 526 38.85 (36.25–41.44) 18.88 <.0001
  40–59 104 24.13 (20.09–28.17) 334 25.61 (23.24–27.98) 381 28.54 (26.12–30.96) 514 32.97 (30.64–35.30) 706 39.03 (36.78–41.28) 795 40.66 (38.49–42.84) 852 42.88 (40.70–45.05) 909 43.96 (41.82–46.09) 1298 46.66 (44.80–48.51) 14.74 <.0001
  60–100 0 0.00 129 21.57 (18.28–24.87) 139 22.64 (19.33–25.95) 195 26.93 (23.70–30.17) 277 33.25 (30.05–36.45) 344 35.10 (32.11–38.09) 373 35.56 (32.66–38.45) 493 40.15 (37.40–42.89) 711 40.54 (38.24–42.83) 9.80 <.0001
 Women
  Overall 658 24.56 (22.93–26.19) 1144 26.42 (25.11–27.73) 1147 27.64 (26.28–29.00) 1325 30.80 (29.42–32.18) 1741 35.87 (34.52–37.22) 1728 36.36 (35.00–37.73) 1765 36.89 (35.53–38.26) 1857 37.58 (36.23–38.93) 2606 39.17 (38.00–40.34) 17.18 <.0001
  Adjusteda 658 27.44 (25.75–29.13) 1144 26.90 (25.58–28.22) 1147 27.93 (26.56–29.29) 1325 30.40 (29.03–31.77) 1741 35.10 (33.76–36.45) 1728 34.50 (33.15–35.85) 1765 34.59 (33.24–35.94) 1857 34.27 (32.95–35.59) 2606 36.06 (34.91–37.22)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 515 23.02 (21.28–24.77) 507 22.58 (20.85–24.31) 454 22.40 (20.58–24.21) 446 24.76 (22.77–26.76) 547 28.87 (26.83–30.91) 403 27.29 (25.01–29.56) 364 27.25 (24.86–29.63) 308 24.92 (22.51–27.33) 445 27.76 (25.57–29.95) 6.17 <.0001
  40–59 141 32.41 (28.02–36.81) 457 32.32 (29.88–34.76) 502 34.60 (32.15–37.04) 632 37.49 (35.17–39.80) 877 43.89 (41.72–46.07) 948 43.69 (41.60–45.77) 955 42.75 (40.70–44.80) 1037 44.64 (42.62–46.66) 1393 44.73 (42.99–46.48) 8.83 <.0001
  60–100 2 28.57 (0.00–62.04) 180 26.83 (23.47–30.18) 191 28.42 (25.01–31.83) 247 30.31 (27.15–33.46) 317 32.99 (30.01–35.96) 377 34.12 (31.32–36.91) 446 36.74(34.03–39.45) 512 37.05 (34.50–39.59) 768 39.67 (37.49–41.85) 5.90 <.0001
Obesity
 Total 100 1.97 (1.59–2.35) 331 3.95 (3.53–4.37) 333 4.15 (3.72–4.59) 553 6.53 (6.00–7.05) 803 8.57 (8.00–9.13) 901 9.90 (9.29–10.51) 940 10.40 (9.77–11.03) 1102 11.69 (11.04–12.34) 1855 14.79 (14.17–15.41) 32.27 <.0001
 Adjusteda 100 2.15 (1.75–2.54) 331 4.24 (3.81–4.67) 333 4.26 (3.82–4.71) 553 6.41 (5.89–6.93) 803 8.31 (7.76–8.87) 901 9.20 (8.61–9.79) 940 9.69 (9.08–10.30) 1102 11.02 (10.39–11.65) 1855 13.99 (13.38–14.59)   
 Men
  Overall 30 1.25 (0.81–1.69) 125 3.08 (2.55–3.62) 119 3.08 (2.53–3.62) 238 5.71 (5.00–6.41) 334 7.39 (6.63–8.15) 389 8.95 (8.10–9.80) 401 9.42 (8.55–10.30) 495 11.04 (10.12–11.95) 853 14.48 (13.58–15.38) 24.18 <.0001
  Adjusteda 30 1.46 (0.98–1.94) 125 3.30 (2.75–3.85) 119 3.15 (2.59–3.70) 238 5.65 (4.95–6.35) 334 7.32 (6.56–8.08) 389 8.60 (7.76–9.43) 401 9.53 (8.64–10.41) 495 11.44 (10.51–12.37) 853 14.99(14.08–15.90)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 18 0.91 (0.49–1.33) 33 1.53 (1.02–2.05) 36 1.88 (1.27–2.48) 77 4.08 (3.19–4.97) 124 6.60 (5.48–7.73) 101 7.15 (5.80–8.49) 118 9.68 (8.02–11.34) 142 11.94 (10.10–13.79) 212 15.66 (13.72–17.59) 20.55 <.0001
  40–59 12 2.78 (1.23–4.34) 55 4.22 (3.13–5.31) 49 3.67 (2.66–4.68) 94 6.03 (4.85–7.21) 138 7.63 (6.41–8.85) 199 10.18 (8.84–11.52) 197 9.91 (8.60–11.23) 255 12.33 (10.91–13.75) 430 15.46 (14.11–16.80) 13.19 <.0001
  60–100 0 0.00 37 6.19 (4.26–8.12) 34 5.54 (3.73–7.35) 67 9.25(7.14–11.37) 72 8.64 (6.74–10.55) 89 9.08 (7.28–10.88) 86 8.20 (6.54–9.86) 98 7.98 (6.46–9.50) 211 12.03(10.51–13.55) 4.03 <.0001
 Women
  Overall 70 2.61(2.01–3.22) 206 4.76(4.12–5.39) 214 5.16 (4.48–5.83) 315 7.32 (6.54–8.10) 469 9.66 (8.83–10.49) 512 10.77 (9.89–11.66) 539 11.27 (10.37–12.16) 607 12.28 (11.37–13.20) 1002 15.06 (14.20–15.92) 21.38 <.0001
  Adjusteda 70 2.78 (2.16–3.40) 206 5.10 (4.45–5.76) 214 5.30 (4.62–5.98) 315 7.11 (6.34–7.87) 469 9.19 (8.38–10.00) 512 9.75 (8.90–10.59) 539 9.83 (8.98–10.67) 607 10.60 (9.74–11.46) 1002 13.22 (12.40–14.03)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 49 2.19 (1.58–2.80) 44 1.96 (1.39–2.53) 55 2.71 (2.01–3.42) 77 4.28 (3.34–5.21) 104 5.49 (4.46–6.51) 90 6.09 (4.87–7.31) 75 5.61 (4.38–6.85) 79 6.39 (5.03–7.76) 138 8.61 (7.24–9.98) 11.49 <.0001
  40–59 21 4.83 (2.81–6.84) 111 7.85 (6.45–9.25) 105 7.24 (5.90–8.57) 152 9.02 (7.65–10.38) 238 11.91 (10.49–13.33) 263 12.12 (10.75–13.49) 286 12.80 (11.42–14.19) 317 13.65 (12.25–15.04) 536 17.21 (15.89–18.54) 10.92 <.0001
  60–100 0 0.00 51 7.60 (5.60–9.61) 54 8.04 (5.98–10.09) 86 10.55 (8.44–12.66) 127 13.22 (11.07–15.36) 159 14.39 (12.32–16.46) 178 14.66 (12.67–16.65) 211 15.27 (13.37–17.16) 328 16.94 (15.27–18.61) 7.06 <.0001
Abdominal obesity
 Total 1477 19.33 (18.44–20.22) 1982 24.05 (23.13–24.97) 2901 31.36 (30.41–32.30) 3200 35.67 (34.68–36.66) 3350 37.86 (36.85–38.87) 3994 42.82 (41.81–43.82) 5933 47.34 (46.47–48.22) 51.31 <.0001
 Adjusteda 1477 19.84 (18.96–20.71) 1982 23.56 (22.65–24.46) 2901 30.18 (29.25–31.11) 3200 32.73 (31.76–33.69) 3350 34.41 (33.43–35.39) 3994 38.68 (37.7–39.66) 5933 43.15 (42.28–44.01)   
 Men
  Overall 330 8.96 (8.04–9.88) 595 14.64 (13.55–15.73) 921 20.63 (19.44–21.81) 1017 23.75 (22.47–25.02) 1064 25.53 (24.21–26.86) 1344 30.30 (28.95–31.66) 2139 36.34 (35.11–37.57) 35.57 <.0001
 Adjusteda 330 9.17 (8.26–10.08) 595 14.49 (13.42–15.56) 921 20.20 (19.03–21.37) 1017 22.43 (21.19–23.67) 1064 24.06 (22.77–25.34) 1344 28.61 (27.29–29.94) 2139 34.70 (33.49–35.92)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 92 5.04 (4.04–6.05) 181 9.85 (8.49–11.22) 295 15.91 (14.25–17.58) 242 17.39 (15.39–19.38) 233 19.55 (17.30–21.80) 281 23.94 (21.49–26.38) 414 30.60 (28.14–33.05) 21.60 <.0001
  40–59 141 11.09 (9.37–12.82) 246 16.19 (14.34–18.05) 395 22.14 (20.21–24.07) 509 26.44 (24.47–28.41) 546 28.04 (26.05–30.04) 674 32.88 (30.84–34.91) 1083 38.96 (37.14–40.77) 21.14 <.0001
  60–100 97 16.47 (13.47–19.46) 168 23.73 (20.06–26.86) 231 27.93 (24.87–30.99) 266 27.54 (24.72–30.35) 285 27.72 (24.99–30.46) 389 32.12 (29.49–34.75) 642 36.62 (34.37–38.88) 10.21 <.0001
 Women
  Overall 1147 28.99 (27.57–30.40) 1387 33.21 (31.78–34.63) 1980 41.36 (39.97–42.76) 2183 46.57 (45.14–47.99) 2286 48.83 (47.39–50.26) 2650 54.16 (52.76–55.56) 3794 57.09 (55.90–58.28) 37.81 <.0001
  Adjusteda 1147 29.75 (28.36–31.14) 1387 32.18 (30.78–33.57) 1980 39.32 (37.95–40.70) 2183 42.13 (40.73–43.54) 2286 43.66 (42.26–45.07) 2650 47.85 (46.46–49.24) 3794 50.75 (49.55–51.95)   
 Age (years)
  18–39 308 15.97 (14.33–17.60) 333 19.09 (17.25–20.94) 442 23.76 (21.83–25.70) 381 26.13 (23.88–28.39) 373 28.56 (26.11–31.01) 395 32.30 (29.68–34.92) 574 35.85 (33.50–38.20) 16.19 <.0001
  40–59 540 38.71 (36.15–41.27) 674 41.22 (38.84–43.61) 1003 50.76 (48.55–52.96) 1157 53.89 (51.78–56.00) 1193 54.50 (52.41–56.59) 1348 58.53 (56.52–60.54) 1901 61.11 (59.39–62.82) 18.03 <.0001
  60–100 299 47.24 (43.35–51.12) 380 47.62 (44.15–51.08) 535 56.26 (53.10–59.41) 645 59.56 (56.63–62.48) 720 60.66 (57.88–63.44) 907 66.35 (63.84–68.85) 1319 68.20 (66.13–70.28) 12.05 <.0001
  1. aAdjusted by the direct method to the year 2010 Census population using the age groups 18–39 years, 40–59 years, and 60–100 years
  2. CHNS China Health and Nutrition Survey