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Table 2 Coefficient Estimates for parameters in 2–1-1 mediation model predicting CPD with education, income and race as indicators for social disadvantage

From: Daily stress as link between disadvantage and smoking: an ecological momentary assessment study

Coefficient Estimates Education Race Income
Fixed Effects (Measurement occasion level)
 Intercept CPD 1.99 (1.13) 2.20 (1.10)* 1.74 (1.13)
 Intercept Daily Stress (DS) 71.52 (2.56)*** 76.00 (1.41)*** 78.98 (1.45)***
 Social Disadvantage (D) → DS 8.42 (2.81)** 6.95 (2.10)*** −0.82 (2.18)
 DS → CPD 0.01 (0.01)** 0.01 (0.01)** 0.01 (0.01)**
 Direct Effect SD → CPD −0.53 (0.66) −1.39 (0.55)* −0.35 (0.61)
 Indirect Effect 0.12 (0.04)* 0.10 (0.05)* −0.01 (0.03)
 Total Effect −0.42 (0.65) −1.29 (0.54)* −0.37 (0.61)
Random Effects (Participant level)
 Residual Variance Intercept DS 203.07 (19.18)*** 202.08 (18.92)*** 212.89 (19.21)***
 Residual Variance Intercept CPD 16.16 (1.97)*** 15.79 (1.91)*** 16.17 (1.96)***
 Covariance CPD DS 12.61 (0.81)*** 12.61 (0.81)*** 12.61 (0.81)***
  1. Entries are B (SD), B = coefficient estimates, SD = standard deviation, CPD = Cigarettes per day, DS = Daily stress, D = Social Disadvantage. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001