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Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: Daily stress as link between disadvantage and smoking: an ecological momentary assessment study

  Overall (n = 194) Low education (n = 81) High education (n = 113) Low income (n = 91) High income (n = 103) African American (n = 73) Other Ethnicity (n = 121)
Age 41.2 (11.2) 42.6 (10.6)** 40.0 (11.5) 40.9 (11.2) 41.5 (11.2) 43.6* (9.8) 39.7 (11.7)
Gender (Male) 55.2% (n = 107) 56.8% (n = 46) 54.0% (n = 61) 54.9% (n = 50) 55.3 (n = 57) 46.6% (n = 34) 60.3% (n = 73)
CPD 16.1 (6.5)*** 16.5 (6.4) 15.7 (6.6) 15.9 (7.0) 16.2 (6.0) 14.2** (6.0) 17.2 (6.6)
  1. Entries are M (SD), unless % is specified. M = mean, SD = standard deviation, CPD = Cigarettes per day. Comparisons were made using t-tests (continuous variables) or chi-square tests (categorical variables). * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001