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Table 1 Baseline characteristics including comorbidities with prevalence greater than 20% in the patient sample

From: Quality of life assessment in patients with heart failure: validity of the German version of the generic EQ-5D-5L™

  All patients (n = 3225)
Female gender 1454 (45.1%)
Age (years) 73.9 ± 10.2
Education level (CASMIN)
 Primary 2040 (63.3%)
 Secondary 847 (26.3%)
 Tertiary 275 (8.5%)
Occupational status
 Employed 233 (7.2%)
 Not employed 2931 (90.9%)
Living situation
 Living alone 970 (30.1%)
 Together with others in private household 2123 (65.8%)
 Living in an institution 62 (1.9%)
NYHA classification
 Class I 775 (24.0%)
 Class II 1588 (49.2%)
 Class III 721 (22.4%)
 Class IV 87 (2.7%)
 Missing 54 (1.7%)
Psychosocial distress
 No psychological disorder 1514 (46.9%)
 Depression/depressive symptomatology/adjustment disorder likely 546 (16.9%)
 Anxiety/anxiety disorder possible 370 (11.5%)
 No psychological disorder likely 658 (20.4%)
 None of these criteria applicable 137 (4.2%)
Cardiac decompensation/congestive heart failure with dyspnoea, improved during therapy 2374 (73.6%)
Arterial hypertension 1576 (48.9%)
Diabetes mellitus 1221 (37.9%)
Chronic ischaemic heart disease
(also after myocardial infarction, ischaemic cardiomyopathy, angina pectoris)
1153 (35.8%)
Cardiac arrhythmias (atrioventricular block, cardiac arrest, paroxysmal tachycardia, atrial fibrillation) 952 (29.5%)
Kidney disease 913 (28.3%)
Dyslipidaemia 763 (23.7%)
Myocardial infarction 761 (23.6%)
Asthma/chronic pulmonary disease with pulmonary dyspnoea 708 (22.0%)
  1. CASMIN, Comparative Analysis of Social Mobility in Industrial Nations (CASMIN criteria); NYHA, New York Heart Association; psychosocial distress classification according to hierarchical algorithm [32]; no more than 4% missing values per variable, except age and cardiac decompensation (both 5.5%); arterial hypertension, chronic ischaemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias and dyslipidaemia were optionally assessed with the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD)-10 codes