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Table 4 Odds ratio for unit change in proximity to any motorway infrastructure for likelihood having walked and/or cycled in the local area, and by walking and cycling type, by study area, using maximally adjusted model

From: Local walking and cycling by residents living near urban motorways: cross-sectional analysis

Study Area Type of walking and/or cycling in local area
Odds ratio (95% CI) for total walking and cycling Odds ratio (95% CI) for walking and cycling as active travel Odd ratio (95% CI) for walking and cycling for recreation
South (new motorway) 1.98 (0.93,4.22) 1.95 (0.95,4.02) 0.63 (0.39,1.00)
East (longstanding motorway) 0.89 (0.52,1.52) 0.90 (0.53,1.52) 0.97 (0.68,1.37)
North (no motorway) 1.30 (0.54,3.14) 1.40 (0.58,3.37) 0.70 (0.41,1.20)
  1. Models adjusted for age, gender, home ownership, regular activities outside the home, car ownership, difficulty walking and years lived in the local area