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Table 4 Factors associated with HIV-related in-hospital mortality

From: Causes of hospitalization and predictors of HIV-associated mortality at the main referral hospital in Sierra Leone: a prospective study

Characteristics Survival status P value
Died
N = 52 (100%)
Discharged alive
N = 121 (100%)
Age, years
 Median (IQR) 37 (29–45) 33 (28–42) 0.47
Gender, N%
 Male 20 (38.5) 50 (41.3) 0.73
 Female 32 (61.5) 71 (58.7)  
Risk factors, N%
 Smoking 15 (28.8) 20 (16.5) 0.06
 Alcohol use 18 (34.6) 21 (17.4) 0.01
 Illicit drug use 5 (13.5) 4 (3.3) 0.09
CD4 count, cells/μL
 Median (IQR) 70 (23–263) 101 (29–278) 0.61
 Less than 50, N% 12 (23.1) 23 (19.0) 0.82
WHO Clinical Staging, N%
 1 or 2 6 (11.5) 22 (18.2) 0.28
 3 or 4 46 (88.5) 99 (81.8)  
Presenting signs or symptoms, N%
 Fever 42 (80.8) 92 (76.0) 0.49
 Jaundice 5 (9.6) 2 (1.7) 0.02
 Weight loss 30 (57.7) 63 (52.1) 0.50
 Headache 11 (21.2) 22 (18.2) 0.65
 Seizure 2 (1.7) 0.35
 Limb weakness 5 (9.6) 3 (2.5) 0.04
 Loss of consciousness 5 (9.6) 3 (2.5) 0.04
Admitting diagnoses, N%
 Anemia 25 (48.1) 58 (47.9) 0.99
 Tuberculosis 7 (13.5) 34 (28.1) 0.04
 Pneumonia 10 (19.2) 20 (16.5) 0.67
 Diarrheal illness 8 (15.4) 18 (14.9) 0.93
 Cerebral toxoplasmosis 6 (11.5) 3 (2.5) 0.01
 Cryptococcal meningitis 1 (1.9) 2 (1.7) 0.90
New Diagnosis, N%
 Yes 29 (55.8) 60 (49.6) 0.46
 No 23 (44.2) 61 (50.4)  
ART status, N%
 Yes 16 (30.8) 48 (39.7) 0.19
 No 36 (69.2) 73 (60.3)  
Length of hospital stay, days
 Median 11 (8–16) 12 (9–18) 0.48
  1. IQR interquartile range