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Table 2 Presenting signs and symptoms and admitting diagnoses of HIV in-patients

From: Causes of hospitalization and predictors of HIV-associated mortality at the main referral hospital in Sierra Leone: a prospective study

Presenting Signs, Symptoms and Diagnoses N (%)
173 (100)
Constitutional 163 (94.2)
 Fever 134 (77.5)
 Weight loss 93 (53.8)
 Malaise 92 (53.2)
 Anorexia 67 (38.7)
 Night sweats 20 (11.6)
 Rash 17 (9.8)
Neurological 64 (37.0)
 Headache 33 (19.1)
 Seizure 2 (1.2)
 Loss of consciousness 23 (13.3)
 Neck stiffness 5 (2.9)
 Limb weakness 8 (4.6)
Cardiopulmonary 110 (63.6)
 Cough 97 (56.1)
 Chest pain 39 (22.5)
 Dyspnea 29 (16.8)
 Hemoptysis 2 (1.2)
Gastrointestinal 95 (54.9)
 Diarrhea 67 (38.2)
 Abdominal pain 34 (19.7)
 Nausea/vomiting 33 (19.1)
 Jaundice 7 (4.0)
 Ascites 9 (5.2)
 Hepatosplenomegaly 15 (8.7)
 Odynophagia 11 (6.4)
Genitourinary 26 (15.0)
 Frequency 9 (34.6)
 Dysuria 4 (2.3)
 Urgency 3 (1.7)
 Hematuria 2 (1.2)
 Genital ulcers 3 (1.7)
Admitting diagnoses
 Anemia 83 (48.0)
  Primary diagnosis 26 (15.0)
  In association with other conditions 57 (33.0)
 Tuberculosis 42 (24.3)
 Pneumonia 30 (17.3)
 Diarrheal illness 26 (15.0)
 Malaria 11 (6.4)
 Cerebral toxoplasmosis 9 (5.2)
 Sepsis 6 (3.5)
 Decompensated liver cirrhosis 5 (2.9)
 Gastroenteritis 5 (2.9)
 Disseminated Kaposi sarcoma 4 (2.3)
 Esophageal candidiasis 4 (2.3)
 Cryptococcal meningitis 3 (1.7)
 Pneumocystis pneumonia 3 (1.7)
 Drug-induced hepatotoxicity 1 (0.6)
Salmonella typhi infection 1 (0.6)