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Table 6 Parent-reported outcomes for intervention and control groups; mean (SD)

From: An educational intervention to prevent overweight in pre-school years: a cluster randomised trial with a focus on disadvantaged families

  Intervention group (n = 47) Control group (n = 34)  
Child
2-years
Child
4-years
p value1 Child
2-years
Child
4-years
p value1 p value2
Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire
 Slowness in eating 2.6 (1.0) 2.9 (1.0) 0.055 2.8 (1.2) 2.9 (1.2) 0.654 0.554
 Satiety responsiveness 3.0 (0.9) 3.2 (1.0) 0.040* 2.8 (1.1) 3.1 (1.0) 0.276 0.411
 Food fussiness 2.7 (0.8) 2.8 (1.1) 0.488 2.8 (0.9) 2.8 (1.1) 0.562 0.996
 Food responsiveness 3.0 (1.2) 3.2 (1.2) 0.104 3.5 (1.3) 3.2 (1.2) 0.174 0.118
 Enjoyment of food 4.2 (0.9) 4.1 (1.0) 0.593 4.3 (1.1) 4.3 (1.0) 0.895 0.626
 Desire to drink 3.2 (1.4) 2.9 (1.4) 0.394 3.2 (1.5) 2.7 (1.4) 0.029* 0.362
 Emotional under-eating 3.7 (1.1) 3.8 (1.1) 0.480 3.5 (1.2) 3.7 (1.4) 0.379 0.885
 Emotional over-eating 1.6 (0.7) 1.7 (0.7) 0.241 1.6 (0.6) 1.5 (0.6) 0.173 0.064
Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire
 Instrumental 2.7 (1.2) 3.3 (1.1) 0.002* 3.0 (1.3) 3.5 (1.2) 0.032* 0.802
 Control 3.8 (0.8) 3.8 (0.7) 0.801 3.8 (0.8) 3.6 (0.9) 0.305 0.342
 Emotion 1.9 (0.9) 1.9 (0.8) 0.568 2.2 (1.2) 1.9 (1.2) 0.052 0.124
 Encouragement 4.5 (0.5) 4.7 (0.4) 0.019* 4.5 (0.5) 4.6 (0.5) 0.247 0.324
Food Choice Questionnaire
 Health 2.8 (0.7) 3.0 (0.6) 0.008 2.7 (0.8) 2.9 (0.7) 0.006 0.801
 Mood 2.2 (0.7) 2.2 (0.7) 0.770 2.2 (0.7) 2.1 (0.7) 0.307 0.299
 Convenience 2.6 (0.6) 2.8 (0.6) 0.001 2.7 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7) 0.017 0.747
 Sensory Appeal 3.1 (0.4) 3.2 (0.5) 0.020 3.2 (0.6) 3.4 (0.5) 0.063 0.534
 Natural Content 2.6 (0.9) 2.7 (0.8) 0.058 2.3 (0.9) 2.7 (0.9) 0.001 0.260
 Price 2.7 (0.7) 2.7 (0.8) 0.935 2.9 (0.8) 3.0 (0.8) 0.475 0.426
 Weight Control 2.3 (0.9) 2.5 (0.9) 0.010 2.3 (0.8) 2.4 (0.9) 0.414 0.320
 Familiarity 2.7 (0.8) 2.8 (0.6) 0.152 2.5 (0.8) 2.6 (0.7) 0.187 0.594
 Ethical concern 1.8 (0.9) 1.8 (0.8) 1.000 1.5 (0.7) 1.6 (0.7) 0.571 0.740
Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale
 Total score 45.9 (9.2) 50.6 (10.7) 0.002 45.0 (9.9) 48.6 (11.3) 0.056 0.633
  1. 1 P value for test of zero change (post-pre) within group
  2. 2P value for test of difference in change between intervention and control groups, adjusting for difference at baseline using baseline value as a covariate
  3. *p value less than 0.05