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Table 2 Odds of fatal injuries sustained by pedestrians

From: Walking against or with traffic? Evaluating pedestrian fatalities and head injuries in Taiwan

  β SD OR 95% CI p value
Driver gender
 Male 0.560 0.201 1.75 1.18–2.60 0.005
 Female Ref     
Pedestrian age
  ≥ 65 2.165 0.592 8.72 2.73–27.79 <.001
 41–64 1.285 0.600 3.62 1.12–11.73 0.032
 19–40 0.418 0.644 1.52 0.43–5.37 0.516
  < =18 Ref     
Walking direction
 With traffic 0.793 0.312 2.21 1.20–4.08 < 0.001
 Against traffic Ref     
Location
 Rural 0.315 0.139 1.37 1.04–1.80 0.024
 Urban Ref     
Driver alcohol use
 Alcohol use 0.457 0.186 1.58 1.10–2.27 0.014
 Alcohol non-use Ref     
Light condition
 Dark unlit 0.979 0.319 2.66 1.43–4.97 0.002
 Dark lit 0.687 0.218 1.99 1.30–3.10 0.002
 Daylight Ref     
Crash partner
 Large vehicle 1.139 0.205 3.13 2.10–4.67 <.001
 Car 0.523 0.180 1.69 1.19–2.40 0.004
 Motorcycle Ref     
Injured body region
 Head and neck 1.868 0.372 6.48 3.12–13.45 <.001
 Extremities −2.882 0.793 0.056 0.012–0.27 <.001
 Chest and abdomen −0.131 0.378 0.88 0.42–1.84 0.730
 Spine Ref     
Crash of time
 Midnight 1.022 0.216 2.78 1.82–4.25 <.001
 Evening hour 0.040 0.228 1.04 0.67–1.63 0.860
 Non rush hour 0.170 0.249 1.19 0.73–1.93 0.494
 Rush hour Ref