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Table 1 Distribution of pedestrian injury severity according to a set of independent variables

From: Walking against or with traffic? Evaluating pedestrian fatalities and head injuries in Taiwan

  N Fatality Injury χ2 test
n (%) n (%) p value
Total 14,382 (100) 199 (1.38) 14,183 (98.62)  
Pedestrian gender     0.017
 Male 6025 (41.89) 100 (1.65) 5925 (98.35)  
 Female 8357 (58.11) 99 (1.18) 8258 (98.82)  
Driver gender     < 0.001
 Male 9958 (69.24) 166 (1.67) 9792 (98.33)  
 Female 4424 (30.76) 33 (0.75) 4391 (99.25)  
Pedestrian age     < 0.001
  < 18 1079 (7.50) 3 (0.28) 1076 (99.72)  
 18–40 3250 (22.60) 14 (0.43) 3236 (99.57)  
 41–64 5045 (35.08) 52 (1.03) 4993 (98.97)  
  ≥ 65 5008 (34.82) 130 (2.60) 4878 (97.40)  
Driver age     0.882
  < 18 275 (1.91) 4 (1.46) 271 (98.54)  
 18–40 7912 (55.01) 109 (1.38) 7803 (98.62)  
 41–64 5169 (35.94) 69 (1.34) 5100 (98.66)  
  ≥ 65 1026 (7.13) 17 (1.66) 1009 (98.34)  
Driver alcohol use     0.002
 Yes 853 (5.93) 23 (2.70) 830 (97.30)  
 No 13,529 (94.07) 176 (1.30) 13,353 (98.70)  
Months     0.225
 Spring/summer 6689 (46.51) 84 (1.26) 6605 (98.74)  
 Autumn/winter 7693 (53.49) 115 (1.50) 7578 (98.50)  
Weather     0.943
 Fine 9734 (67.68) 134 (1.38) 9600 (98.62)  
 Adverse 4648 (32.32) 65 (1.40) 4583 (98.60)  
Location     0.014
 Urban (speed limit ≤50 km) 4322 (30.05) 44 (1.02) 4278 (98.98)  
 Rural (speed limit > 51 km) 10,060 (69.95) 155 (1.54) 9905 (98.46)  
Light condition     0.018
 Daylight 7440 (51.73) 86 (1.16) 7354 (98.84)  
 Dark lit 6124 (42.58) 95 (1.55) 6026 (98.45)  
 Dark unlit 818 (5.69) 18 (2.20) 800 (97.80)  
Road surface condition     0.242
 Dry 10,941 (76.07) 159 (1.45) 10,782 (98.55)  
 Slippery 3441 (23.93) 40 (1.16) 3401 (98.84)  
Sight distance     0.611
 Adequate 13,704 (95.29) 188 (1.37) 13,516 (98.63)  
 Limited 678 (4.71) 11 (1.62) 667 (98.38)  
Walking direction     0.002
 With traffic 10,749 (74.74) 167 (1.55) 10,582 (98.45)  
 Against traffic 3633 (25.26) 32 (0.88) 3601 (99.12)  
Crash partner     < 0.001
 Large vehicle 1252 (8.70) 47 (3.75) 1205 (96.25)  
 Car 4904 (34.10) 58 (1.18) 4846 (98.82)  
 Motorcycle 8226 (57.20) 94 (1.14) 8132 (98.86)  
Injured body region     < 0.001
 Head and neck 1561 (10.85) 117 (7.50) 1444 (92.50)  
 Extremities 4013 (27.90) 2 (0.05) 4011 (99.50)  
 Chest or abdomen 7955 (55.31) 72 (0.91) 7883 (99.09)  
 Spine 853 (5.93) 8 (0.94) 845 (99.06)  
Day of week     0.411
 Weekend 3637 (25.29) 45 (1.24) 3592 (98.76)  
 Weekday 10,745 (74.71) 154 (1.43) 10,591 (98.57)  
Time of crash     < 0.001
 Rush hour (0700–0859, 1700–1859) 4210 (29.27) 45 (1.07) 4165 (98.93)  
 Non-rush hour (0900–1659) 4251 (29.56) 43 (1.01) 4208 (98.99)  
 Evening hour (1900–2359) 4572 (31.79) 56 (1.23) 4516 (98.77)  
 Midnight (0000–0659) 1349 (9.38) 55 (4.08) 1294 (95.92)