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Table 4 Environmental sanitation characteristics of households, in Dale district, Southern Ethiopia, October 1–25/2017

From: Prevalence of diarrheal diseases and associated factors among under-five children in Dale District, Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Category Frequency(n) Percent (%)
Floor of Housing Mud 389 72.4
Cement 148 27.6
Roof of Housing Wood/ thatched 410 76.4
Corrugated iron 127 23.6
Numbers of rooms < 2 Rooms 262 48.8
≥2 Rooms 275 51.2
Latrine availability Yes 496 92.4
No 41 7.6
Ownership of the latrine n = 496 Privately 489 91.1
Shared 7 1.3
Types of toilet facility n = 496 aImproved 290 58.5
bUnimproved 206 41.5
Availability of handwashing facility near to toilet n = 496 Yes 229 46.2
No 267 53.8
Presence of feces in the latrine hole n = 496 Yes 226 45.6
No 270 54.4
Presence of feces inside the compound Yes 53 9.9
No 484 90.1
Refuse disposal methods In-pit 152 28.3
Open field 285 53.1
Garbage bin 11 2.0
Burning 89 16.6
Source of drinking water Protected spring/well water 253 47.1
Unprotected spring/well water 130 24.2
Pipe 154 28.7
Time to reach a water source ≤30 Minutes 461 85.8
> 30 Minutes 76 14.2
Water consumption per day ≤20 lit 265 49.3
> 20 lit 272 50.7
Houses shared with domestic animals Yes 244 45.4
No 293 54.6
  1. aindicate types of toilet improved when the toilet is Pit latrine with slab
  2. bindicate types of toilet unimproved when the toilet is Pit latrine without a slab or pour-flush latrine