Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of middle-aged females in each prefecture between 2005 and 2010

From: Exercise or sports in midlife and healthy life expectancy: an ecological study in all prefectures in Japan

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max
Age (Years) 54.6 ± 0.2 54.0 55.0 55.6 ± 0.3 55.0 56.1 56.6 ± 0.3 55.8 57.1 57.6 ± 0.3 56.9 58.0 58.5 ± 0.3 57.9 59.1 59.6 ± 0.3 59.0 60.0
Living with others (%) 94.8 ± 2.3 89.7 100.0 94.5 ± 2.7 88.9 99.4 94.5 ± 2.5 88.4 98.9 94.1 ± 2.5 88.5 98.8 94.1 ± 2.2 89.2 97.9 93.7 ± 2.5 89.1 98.5
Employed (%) 70.4 ± 6.1 59.0 84.7 69.8 ± 6.0 59.5 81.6 68.1 ± 6.7 57.0 83.5 65.9 ± 5.6 55.2 78.4 62.4 ± 6.1 50.3 77.4 59.5 ± 6.6 46.7 72.8
The presence of chronic diseases (%) 27.7 ± 3.6 20.9 36.3 38.2 ± 3.4 31.3 46.1 43.2 ± 4.3 35.4 55.0 41.2 ± 3.9 30.4 51.7 42.3 ± 5.4 30.2 54.8 41.0 ± 4.1 32.8 49.7
Exercise or sports (%) 38.9 ± 5.9 27.1 49.9 42.0 ± 6.6 27.9 58.0 42.9 ± 6.9 25.7 54.5 44.4 ± 6.4 31.3 57.5 45.3 ± 7.2 33.3 57.4 45.4 ± 6.4 29.7 56.7
Specific activity methods of exercise or sports
 By oneself (%) 15.6 ± 3.4 6.2 22.1 17.0 ± 3.9 7.8 26.1 18.6 ± 3.7 7.8 26.5 19.2 ± 3.6 10.2 26.0 19.8 ± 3.7 10.3 26.7 19.4 ± 3.9 10.4 27.9
 With families or friends (%) 18.7 ± 3.7 11.5 26.9 20.4 ± 4.6 9.2 30.3 20.3 ± 4.3 10.0 29.0 20.7 ± 4.7 10.5 29.3 20.9 ± 5.1 11.8 33.3 20.5 ± 4.7 10.8 29.2
 With co-workers (%) 1.6 ± 0.9 0.0 4.8 1.4 ± 1.0 0.0 4.4 1.1 ± 0.8 0.0 3.3 1.1 ± 0.8 0.0 3.1 1.1 ± 0.8 0.0 3.4 1.1 ± 0.8 0.0 2.9
 In a neighborhood community association (%) 2.3 ± 1.3 0.0 6.2 2.3 ± 1.8 0.0 10.2 2.0 ± 1.2 0.0 5.0 2.6 ± 2.0 0.0 10.3 2.6 ± 1.7 1.0 8.6 3.3 ± 1.8 0.3 9.4
 In a non-profit organization or corporation in the public interest (%) 0.7 ± 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.9 ± 0.7 0.0 2.8 0.9 ± 0.9 0.0 4.3 0.8 ± 0.7 0.0 2.3 0.9 ± 0.8 0.0 2.9 1.2 ± 0.8 0.0 3.2
  1. SD Standard deviation