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Table 1 Distribution of respondents by socio-demographic characteristic, child factors and healthcare factors (N = 1015)

From: Sociodemographic and health care factors in determining immunization defaulters among preschool children in Petaling District, Selangor: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia

  Frequency (n) Percentage (%)
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Mother’s age (years)
  20 to 29 107 10.5
  30 to 39 842 83.0
  40 and above 66 6.5
 Ethnicity
  Malay 693 68.3
  Chinese 188 18.5
  Indian 119 11.7
  Othersa 15 1.5
 Religion
  Muslim 707 69.7
  Buddhist 160 15.8
  Hindu 100 9.9
  Christian 45 4.5
  Othersb 3 0.3
 Marital Status
  Married 999 98.4
  Single/Divorced/Widowed 16 1.6
 Educational Level
  Secondary school 28 2.8
  Pre-university 13 1.3
  Certificate or Diploma 67 6.6
  Bachelor’s Degree 696 68.6
  Postgraduate studies 211 20.8
 Working Status
  Working 902 88.9
  Not-working 113 11.1
 Family Composition
  5 and below 894 88.1
  Above 5 121 11.9
 Number of Children
  1 359 35.4
  2 375 36.9
  3 and above 281 27.7
Child Factors
 Child’s Age
  2 years and below 208 20.5
  Above 2 years 807 79.5
 Child’s Gender
  Male 494 48.7
  Female 521 51.3
 Child’s Birth Order
  First 359 35.4
  Second 375 36.9
  Third and above 281 27.7
Healthcare Factors
 Place of Immunization
  Government clinic 639 63.0
  Government hospital 77 7.6
  Private clinic 330 32.5
  Private hospital 148 14.6
 Distance to health facility (km)
  1 to 5 580 57.1
  6 to 10 253 24.9
  More than 10 182 17.9
 Travelling time (minutes)
  Less than 15 461 45.4
  15 to 29 378 37.2
  30 and above 176 17.3
 Waiting time (minutes)
  Less than 60 348 34.3
  60 to 119 329 32.4
  120 and above 338 33.3
 Delayed immunization schedule
  Yes 210 20.7
  No 805 79.3
  1. aOther ethnicities were Orang Asli, Dusun, Rungus, Kadazan, Iban and Punjabi
  2. bOther religions were no religion, Sikh and Bahai