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Table 1 Socio demographic characteristics of study sample

From: Injury rate and risk factors among small-scale gold miners in Ghana

Characteristics   Injuries   
   No n = 351(%) Yes n = 143(%) Total n = 494 (%) P-value
Age group 0.003
 18–25 160 (45.6) 51 (35.9) 211 (42.7)  
 26–35 112 (31.9) 65 (45.8) 177 (35.8)  
 36–45 62 (17.7) 14 (9.9) 76 (15.4)  
  ≥ 46 17 (4.8) 12 (8.5) 29 (5.9)  
 Missing   1 1  
Sex 0.37
 Female 19 (5.4) 5 (3.5) 24 (4.9)  
 Male 332 (94.6) 138 (96.5) 470 (95.1)  
Marital Status 0.46
 Single 196 (56.2) 74 (52.5) 270  
 Married 153 (43.8) 67 (47.5) 220  
 Missing 2 2 4  
Education level 0.07
 Non-Educated 27 (7.7) 21 (14.7) 48 (9.7)  
 Primary 65 (18.5) 32 (22.4) 97 (19.6)  
 JSS/Middle 165 (47.0) 60 (42.0) 225 (45.6)  
 SSS 89 (25.4) 27 (18.9) 116 (23.5)  
 Tertiary 5 (1.4) 3 (2.1) 8 (1.6)  
Mining experience (Years) 0.39
 1–5 254 (74.7) 101 (72.1) 355 (74.0)  
 6–10 68 (20.0) 26 (18.6) 94 (19.6)  
 10–20 14 (4.1) 11 (7.9) 25 (5.2)  
 21+ 4 (1.2) 2 (1.4) 6 (1.3)  
 Missing 11 3 14  
Work status 0.61
 Employee 135 (39.6) 62 (44.3) 197 (41.0)  
 On-contract 60 (17.6) 24 (17.1) 84 (17.5)  
 Casual 146 (42.9) 54 (38.6) 200 (41.6)  
 Missing 10 3 13  
Work Department 0.001
 Underground Mine 15 (4.4) 19 (13.3) 34 (7.0)  
 Surface Mine 201 (58.3) 64 (44.8) 265 (54.3)  
 Open Pit 129 (37.4) 60 (42.0) 189 (38.7)  
 Missing 6   6