Skip to main content

Table 1 Pre-measurement and post-measurement data and percentage changes in body composition and resting HR

From: Is the goal of 12,000 steps per day sufficient for improving body composition and metabolic syndrome? The necessity of combining exercise intensity: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Group Pre Post ∆ Chang (%) ES (95% CI)
Weight (kg) CG 88.40 (8.93) 88.73 (8.80) + 0.41 (1.51) 0.34 (− 6.18 to 5.41)
WS 82.28 (14.75) 82.52 (14.47) + 0.43 (3.47) 0.12 (−8.47 to 8.06)
WE 79.25 (8.20) 78.37 (9.30) −1.19 (3.50) 0.48 (−4.36 to 5.98)
BMI (kg/m2) CG 31.02 (3.34) 31.13 (3.23) + 0.38 (2.08) 0.22 (−2.41 to 1.89)
WS 30.68 (3.53) 30.65 (3.37) + 0.02 (3.22) 0.03 (−1.96 to 1.94)
WE 29.45 (1.86) 29.07 (2.25) −1.29 (3.83) 0.49 (−0.60 to 1.82)
HIP (cm) CG 109.08 (8.82) 109.56 (7.53) + 0.59 (4.53) 0.14 (−5.91 to 4.78)
WS 109.96 (7.64) 109.13 (7.97) −0.77 (1.66) 0.68 (−3.64 to 5.19)
WE 108.52 (5.55) 106.02 (6.05) −2.28 (3.27) 0.97 (− 2.30 to 4.55)*
WHR CG 0.90 (0.05) 0.89 (0.06) −1.30 (4.60) 0.42 (0.38 to 0.45)
WS 0.86 (0.05) 0.86 (0.08) −0.49 (5.70) 0.14 (0.11 to 0.18)
WE 0.92 (0.16) 0.84 (0.07) −6.95 (10.00) 0.98 (0.88 to 1.02)
FAT (%) CG 33.68 (7.96) 34.03 (7.22) + 1.75 (7.57) 0.22 (−5.42 to 4.50)
WS 37.53 (7.89) 38.26 (7.48) + 2.30 (5.33) 0.54 (−5.00 to 3.70)
WE 38.38 (6.06) 37.86 (6.09) −1.38 (4.60) 0.45 (−3.13 to 4.05)
SMM (kg) CG 32.90 (3.95) 32.94 (4.03) + 0.16 (3.62) 0.05 (−2.63 to 2.58)
WS 28.61 (7.25) 28.48 (7.34) −0.46 (2.83) 0.24 (−3.86 to 4.39)
WE 27.15 (4.79) 27.05 (4.77) −0.28 (3.65) 0.13 (−2.70 to 2.95)
VFA (cm2) CG 96.83 (29.11) 95.83 (31.24) −0.97 (12.81) 0.10 (−18.91 to 20.51)
WS 101.60 (36.89) 100.53 (34.04) −0.18 (8.89) 0.17 (− 20.70 to 19.43)
WE 93.05 (18.98) 80.32 (15.54) −13.11 (9.83)‡ 2.08 (−9.14 to 11.26) *
Resting heart rate (bpm) CG 79.78 (7.85) 73.67 (7.81) −7.08 (11.61) 0.91 (−4.23 to 6.01)
WS 75.92 (10.13) 75.58 (7.73) + 0.51 (11.52) 0.05 (−5.68 to 4.42)
WE 78.73 (10.02) 70.91 (7.82) −9.05 (12.11) 1.04 (−4.89 to 5.65)*
  1. * P < .05: significantly different from pre-measurement
  2. P < .05: significantly different from CG and WSG. 95% confidence interval of the mean absolute difference between the groups