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Table 3 Multivariate analysis showing factors associated with HIV among MSM in Nigeria

From: Rising HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Nigeria: a trend analysis

Factors Crude OR (95% CI) p value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Age (years)
 16–19 1   1  
 20–24 1∙51 (1∙21–1∙88) < 0∙0001 1∙40 (1∙09–1∙80) 0∙008
  > =25 2∙68 (2∙15–3∙33) < 0∙0001 2∙41 (1∙84–3∙16) < 0∙0001
Ever married
 No 1    
 Yes 0∙97 (0∙75–1∙26) 0∙817   
Educational level
 None 1   1  
 Primary 0∙6 (0∙40–0∙91) 0∙015 0∙87 (0∙53–1∙42) 0∙571
 Secondary 0∙79 (0∙54–1∙15) 0∙218 1∙02 (0∙65–1∙61) 0∙917
 Tertiary 1∙25 (0∙85–1∙84) 0∙255 1∙16 (0∙73–1∙84) 0∙534
Sexual position in past 6 months
 Insertive sex only 1   1  
 Receptive only 1∙55 (1∙29–1∙86) < 0∙0001 1∙92 (1∙54–2∙40) < 0∙0001
 Both 1∙32 (1∙12–1∙56) 0∙001 1∙71 (1∙40–2∙10) < 0∙001
Engaged in transactional sex in past 6 months
 No 1   1  
 Yes 0∙86 (0∙74–0∙99) 0∙046 0∙91 (0∙77–1∙09) 0∙308
Consistent condom when paid for sex in past 6 months
 Always 1    
 Sometimes 0∙76 (0∙42–1∙36) 0∙353   
Feels at risk to HIV
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1∙06 (1∙01–1∙12) 0∙012 1∙36 (1∙14–1∙61) < 0∙0001
 Don’t know    0∙96 (0∙59–1∙54) 0∙852
Experienced STI symptoms in past 6 months
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1∙26 (1∙05–1∙50) 0∙011 1∙26 (1∙02–1∙55) 0∙034
Had female sexual partner in past 6 months
 No 1   1  
 Yes 1∙23 (1∙07–1∙42) 0∙004 0∙93 (0∙77–1∙12) 0∙439
States
 Cross River 1   1  
 Enugu 2∙54 (1∙80–3∙60) < 0∙0001 1∙89 (1∙26–2∙80) 0∙002
 FCT 6∙10 (4∙60–8∙08) < 0∙0001 4∙23 (3∙04–5∙87) < 0∙0001
 Kaduna 2∙71 (2∙00–3∙67) < 0∙0001 2∙27 (1∙59–3∙23) < 0∙0001
 Kano 1∙72 (1∙22–2∙42) < 0∙002 1∙97 (1∙29–3∙00) 0∙002
 Lagos 6∙23 (4∙76–8∙17) < 0∙0001 6∙66 (4∙93–8∙99) < 0∙0001
 Oyo 1∙84 (1∙32–2∙56) < 0∙0001 1∙65 (1∙13–2∙39) 0∙009
 Rivers 8∙62 (6∙09–12∙18) < 0∙0001 7∙37 (4∙96–10∙94) < 0∙0001
Year
 2007 1   1  
 2010 1∙34 (1∙04–1∙71) 0∙022 1∙92 (1∙40–2∙62) < 0∙0001
 2014 1∙91 (1∙54–2∙38) < 0∙0001 2∙04 (1∙51–2∙75) < 0∙0001
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
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