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Table 4 Multilevel logistic regression analysis of individual and community level factors associated with childhood MCV1 in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Geographical variation and associated factors of childhood measles vaccination in Ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis

Variables Model II
AOR (95% CI)
Model III
AOR (95% CI)
Model IV
AOR (95% CI)
Individual level factors
 Child characteristics
  Child’s age (months)
   12–23 1.00 1.00
   24–35 1.53 (1.2–1.88) 1.53 (1.25–1.88)
  Sex of child
   Male 1.00 1.00
   Female 1.11 (0.92–1.35) 1.10 (0.91–1.34)
  Birth Order
   1 1.00 1.00
   2–3 1.01 (0.62–1.63) 1.00 (0.61–1.63)
   4–5 1.03 (0.55–1.93) 1.03 (0.55–1.92)
   6+ 0.86 (0.41–1.81) 0.87 (0.42–1.83)
  Child Wanted
   Wanted then 1.00 1.00
   Wanted later 0.93 (0.70–1.23) 0.94 (0.71–1.25)
   Wanted no more 1.52 (0.98–2.37) 1.58 (1.00–2.47)
  DPT1-HepB1-Hib1 (Pentavalent first dose) vaccine
   Not vaccinated 1.00 1.00
   Vaccinated 9.23 (6.98–12.22) 9.09 (6.86–12.03)
  DPT3-HepB3-Hib3 (Pentavalent third dose) vaccine
   Not vaccinated 1.00 1.00
   Vaccinated 8.15 (6.33–10.48) 7.12 (5.51–9.18)
 Maternal Characteristics
  Maternal age (in years)
   15–19 1.00 1.00
   20–34 0.46 (0.28–0.78) 0.45 (0.27–0.76)
   35–49 0.49 (0.27–0.90) 0.45 (0.25–0.82)
  Religion
   Orthodox Christian 1.00 1.00
   Muslim 0.71 (0.54–0.94) 0.95 (0.65–1.38)
   Protestant 1.04 (0.74–1.46) 1.32 (0.85–2.03)
   Othersa 1.05 (0.54–2.03) 1.32 (0.66–2.62)
  Maternal Education
   No education 1.00 1.00
   Primary 1.00 (0.78–1.29) 0.99 (0.77–1.28)
   Secondary and higher 1.71 (1.10–2.66) 1.62 (1.03–2.55)
  Mother’s occupation
   Did not work 1.00 1.00
   Non-professional 1.07 (0.86–1.33) 1.04 (0.83–1.29)
   Professional 0.97 (0.40–2.35) 0.93 (0.38–2.25)
  Mather’s relation to the household head
   Wife 1.00 1.00
   Head 0.72 (0.37–1.42) 0.70 (0.35–1.38)
   Daughter 1.39 (0.83–2.32) 1.35 (0.81–2.26)
   Othersb 1.08 (0.61–1.91) 1.05 (0.58–1.87)
  Sex of the household head
   Male 1.00 1.00
   Female 1.54 (0.83–2.87) 1.57 (0.84–2.93)
  Number of living children 1.00   
   1 1.00 1.00
   2–3 1.21 (0.74–1.97) 1.21 (0.74–1.98)
   4–5 1.26 (0.66–2.40) 1.29 (0.68–2.47)
   6+ 1.16 (0.55–2.48) 1.18 (0.55–2.53)
  Wealth index
   Poorest 1.00 1.00
   Poorer 1.12 (0.83–1.52) 1.16 (0.85–1.59)
   Middle 0.94 (0.68–1.30) 0.99 (0.71–1.40)
   Richer 1.06 (0.75–1.50) 1.18 (0.83–1.70)
   Richest 1.35 (0.93–1.98) 1.34 (0.82–2.20)
  Regular exposure to mass media
   No 1.00 1.00
   Yes 1.33 (0.98–1.80) 1.32 (0.97–1.79)
Community level factors
 Region
  Addis Ababa 1.00 1.00
  Tigray 0.72 (0.30–1.73) 0.65 (0.27–1.56)
  Afar 0.04 (0.02–0.09) 0.32 (0.13–0.81)
  Amhara 0.25 (0.10–0.58) 0.46 (0.19–1.11)
  Oromia 0.12 (0.05–0.27) 0.24 (0.10–0.58)
  Somali 0.05 (0.02–0.13) 0.39 (0.16–0.95)
  Benishangul 0.60 (0.25–1.47) 0.63 (0.25–1.56)
  SNNPR 0.32 (0.14–0.75) 0.42 (0.17–1.01)
  Gambella 0.15 (0.06–0.36) 0.39 (0.16–0.99)
  Harari 0.11 (0.04–0.25) 0.27 (0.11–0.66)
  Dire Dawa 0.63 (0.25–1.60) 0.69 (0.27–1.79)
 Residence
  Urban 1.00 1.00
  Rural 0.30 (0.21–0.44) 1.03 (0.64–1.65)
 Distance to Health facility
  Big problem 1.00 1.00
  Not a big problem 1.42 (1.17–1.72) 1.31 (1.12–1.61)
  1. aCatholic, traditional and other unclassified
  2. bDaughter-in-low, sister, other relative, no relation