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Table 2 Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours among school-going adolescents in Peninsular Malaysia by gender, MyAHRB 2013

From: Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours and its determinants among school-going adolescents in a middle-income country: a cross-sectional study

Number of risk factors Smoking Alcohol use Physically inactive Sedentary behaviour Low fruit/vegetable intake Boys Girls
       O (%) E (%) O/E O (%) E (%) O/E
0 2.31 1.77 1.30 1.66 1.19 1.40
1 + 0.99 0.68 1.45 0.00 0.03 0.00
+ 0.16 0.12 1.32 0.15 0.04 3.45
+ 7.25 7.53 0.96 10.95 10.39 1.05
+ 2.22 2.08 1.07 1.96 1.63 1.20
+ 4.12 4.13 1.00 1.96 2.88 0.68
2 + + 0.08 0.05 1.72 0.00 0.00
+ + 3.21 2.89 1.11 0.23 0.27 0.83
+ + 1.15 0.80 1.44 0.00 0.04 0.00
+ + 1.57 1.59 0.99 0.00 0.08 0.00
+ + 0.49 0.53 0.93 0.15 0.38 0.40
+ + 0.16 0.15 1.12 0.15 0.06 2.51
+ + 0.08 0.29 0.28 0.15 0.11 1.43
+ + 7.33 8.85 0.83 12.99 14.26 0.91
+ + 18.04 17.58 1.03 25.76 25.15 1.02
+ + 3.62 4.86 0.75 3.85 3.95 0.97
3 + + + 0.08 0.20 0.40 0.08 0.01 7.50
+ + + 0.25 0.06 4.38 0.00 0.00
+ + + 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00
+ + + 3.21 3.40 0.94 0.45 0.38 1.21
+ + + 6.01 6.76 0.89 0.38 0.66 0.57
+ + + 1.65 1.87 0.88 0.15 0.10 1.45
+ + + 0.82 0.62 1.32 0.30 0.52 0.58
+ + + 0.91 1.24 0.73 0.60 0.93 0.65
+ + + 23.15 20.67 1.12 35.50 34.52 1.03
+ + + 0.33 0.34 0.96 0.23 0.15 1.56
4 + + + + 0.25 0.24 1.03 0.15 0.01 10.92
+ + + + 1.24 1.46 0.85 1.06 1.27 0.83
+ + + + 7.58 7.94 0.95 0.60 0.91 0.66
+ + + + 0.33 0.13 2.50 0.00 0.00
+ + + + 0.66 0.48 1.38 0.08 0.02 3.10
5 + + + + + 0.74 0.56 1.32 0.45 0.03 13.53
  1. Values in boldface indicate presence of clustering effect