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Table 1 Socio-demographics and lifestyle risk behaviour profile of 2538 school-going adolescents in Peninsular Malaysia, MyAHRB 2013

From: Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours and its determinants among school-going adolescents in a middle-income country: a cross-sectional study

Variable All Boys Girls
n % n % n %
2538   1214 47.8 1324 52.2
Ethnicity
 Malay 2014 79.4 943 77.7 1071 80.9
 Non-Malay 524 20.6 271 22.3 253 19.1
Father’s Occupation
 Management and clerical 504 22.2 222 20.6 282 23.7
 Manual workers 1670 73.7 807 74.9 863 72.5
 Not working 93 4.1 48 4.5 45 3.8
Mother’s Occupation
 Management and clerical 501 21.6 212 19.5 289 23.5
 Manual workers 294 12.7 143 13.2 151 12.3
 Not working 1520 65.7 732 67.3 788 64.2
Father’s Education Level
 No formal education 52 2.1 22 1.9 30 2.3
 Primary 215 8.7 84 7.1 131 10.2
 Secondary 1464 59.4 717 61.0 747 58.0
 Tertiary 733 29.7 352 30.0 381 29.6
Mother’s Education Level
 No formal education 55 2.2 31 2.6 24 1.9
 Primary 224 9.1 102 8.7 122 9.4
 Secondary 1609 65.0 780 66.2 829 64.0
 Tertiary 586 23.7 266 22.6 320 24.7
Parents’ Marital Status
 Married 2377 94.6 1137 94.5 1240 94.6
 Divorced 137 5.4 66 5.5 71 5.4
Academic Performance
 Poor/Fair 972 38.5 538 44.4 434 33.0
 Good 1555 61.5 674 55.6 881 67.0
Number of Close Friend
 Fewer than 3 370 14.6 145 12.0 225 17.1
 At least 3 2158 85.4 1064 88.0 1094 82.9
Lifestyle Risk Behaviour
 Smoking 371 14.6 337 27.8 34 2.6
 Alcohol use 127 5.0 80 6.6 47 3.5
 Physical inactivity 2171 85.5 983 81.0 1188 89.7
 Sedentary behaviour 1422 56.0 656 54.0 766 57.9
 Low food/vegetable intake 1787 70.4 850 70.0 937 70.8
Number of Risk Factor/Risk Score
 0 50 2.0 28 2.3 22 1.7
 1 378 14.9 179 14.7 199 15.0
 2 1007 39.7 434 35.7 573 43.3
 3 941 37.1 442 36.4 499 37.7
 4 147 5.8 122 10.0 25 1.9
 5 15 0.6 9 0.7 6 0.5