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Table 4 Dietary intake among women with MCI and without MCI at 18 months (presented as mean (sd))

From: Incidence and predictors of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) within a multi-ethnic Asian populace: a community-based longitudinal study

Nutrient N = 1227 p value
MCI (n = 69) Without MCI (n = 494)
Intakes % of intake from RNIsa Intakes % of intake from RNIs
Energy (kcal) 1563 ± 465.6 87.9 ± 26.2 1506 ± 430.3 84.6 ± 24.2 0.299
Protein (g/day) 68.9 ± 25.8 135.0 ± 50.5 66.5 ± 22.1 130.3 ± 43.3 0.412
Protein (% of energy) 17.7 ± 3.6 17.8 ± 3.8 0.848
Carbohydrate (g/day) 206.7 ± 66.6 196.9 ± 64.1 0.239
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 53.1 ± 8.1 52.4 ± 8.4 0.531
Fat (g/day) 51.3 ± 21.4 50.2 ± 19.8 0.679
Fat (% of energy) 29.2 ± 6.8 29.8 ± 7.0 0.488
Saturated Fat (g/day) 7.4 ± 5.0 7.6 ± 5.4 0.769
Total Fibre (g/day) 3.6 ± 2.0 4.1 ± 2.4 0.084
Vitamin C (mg/day) 112.3 ± 84.0 160.4 ± 120.0 118.0 ± 83.5 168.6 ± 119.3 0.594
Vitamin E (mg/day) 14.3 ± 60.0 190.4 ± 800 18.4 ± 88.9 244.8 ± 1185 0.712
Thiamine (mg/day) 0.8 ± 0.9 76.3 ± 85 1.2 ± 2.5 113.5 ± 225 0.011*
Riboflavin (mg/day) 1.1 ± 0.5 103.6 ± 48.3 1.2 ± 0.5 109.8 ± 46.6 0.299
Niacin (mg/day) 9.9 ± 4.5 70.5 ± 32.2 9.9 ± 3.7 70.6 ± 26.7 0.989
Pyridoxine (mg/day) 0.6 ± 0.3 0.7 ± 0.3 0.174
Folate (μg /day) 92.8 ± 56.7 23.2 ± 14.2 107.1 ± 78 26.8 ± 19.4 0.139
Calcium (mg/day) 458.6 ± 199 45.9 ± 19.9 505.2 ± 250 50.5 ± 25.0 0.139
Sodium (mg/day) 1437 ± 823 1311 ± 956 0.295
Iron (mg/day) 12.8 ± 5.5 116.3 ± 50.2 12.9 ± 5.2 117.6 ± 47.6 0.831
Zinc (mg/day) 3.0 ± 1.6 61.5 ± 32.1 3.4 ± 1.8 69.0 ± 36.7 0.107
Phosphorus (mg/day) 1028 ± 369 1010 ± 402 0.714
Selenium (μg/day) 26.3 ± 17.1 105.0 ± 68.4 23.9 ± 17.8 95.4 ± 71.3 0.292
  1. aRNIs: Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Malaysia [40]