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Table 3 Pain relieve methods used by pain suffers and the self-perceived effectiveness of the treatments

From: Pain situations among working adults and the educational needs identified: an exploratory survey via WeChat

  N (%) Pain score (Mean ± SD) Self-perceived effectiveness (Mean ± SD) r
Pain relieve methods     −0.339
 Do not take any treatments 46 (20.26) 3.28 ± 2.64  
 Non-pharmacological treatments 128 (56.39) 2.59 ± 0.72  
  Lying down 82 (60.29) 3.76 ± 2.68  
  Hot Compress 61 (44.85) 3.15 ± 2.79  
  Massage 80 (58.82) 2.93 ± 2.64  
  Deep Breath 49 (36.03) 2.92 ± 2.83  
  Sports 55 (40.44) 2.85 ± 2.52  
  Cupping 55 (40.44) 2.78 ± 2.65  
  Plaster 46 (33.82) 2.70 ± 2.61  
  Scrapping 46 (33.82) 2.70 ± 2.53  
  Acupuncture 42 (30.88) 2.55 ± 2.50  
  Reading 42 (30.88) 2.53 ± 2.63  
  Cold Compress 43 (31.62) 2.52 ± 2.55  
  Talking 40 (29.41) 2.52 ± 2.66  
  Music 44 (32.35) 2.51 ± 2.47  
  Aromatherapy 37 (27.21) 2.38 ± 2.46  
 Pharmacological treatment 53 (23.35) 2.19 ± 1.87  
  1. N = 227, Total No. of Non-Pharmacological treatments use = 136
  2. SD Standard deviation
  3. r is calculated using Pearson correlation
  4. Guideline:
  5. Small r = 0.10 to 0.29
  6. Medium r = 0.30 to 0.49
  7. Large r = 0.50 to 1.0