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Table 1 % of forgone medical visits or specialist treatment in the preceding 12 months for any reason per period and sample characteristics

From: The geography and economics of forgoing medical examinations or therapeutic treatments in Italy during the economic crisis

   2004–2007 2008–2012 2013–2015
No Yes Total p No Yes Total p No Yes Total p
n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
  Total 177,174 93.4 12,519 6.6 189,693 100   189,373 93.3 13,521 6.7 202,894 100   101,977 92.6 8202 7.4 110,179 100  
Sex Males 85,677 94.2 5308 5.8 90,985 48.0 <.0001 91,562 94.3 5576 5.7 97,138 47.9 <.0001 49,120 93.5 3438 6.5 52,558 47.7 <.0001
Females 91,497 92.7 7211 7.3 98,708 52.0 97,811 92.5 7945 7.5 105,756 52.1 52,857 91.7 4764 8.3 57,621 52.3
Age class 16–34 48,136 95.6 2231 4.4 50,367 26.6 <.0001 45,652 95.6 2113 4.4 47,765 23.5 <.0001 21,565 96.1 881 3.9 22,446 20.4 <.0001
35–49 47,448 92.9 3628 7.1 51,076 26.9 51,558 92.8 4013 7.2 55,571 27.4 26,783 92.3 2246 7.7 29,029 26.3
50–64 40,375 92.5 3284 7.5 43,659 23.0 44,870 92.5 3625 7.5 48,495 23.9 25,927 91.4 2450 8.6 28,377 25.8
65–74 22,389 92.6 1784 7.4 24,173 12.7 25,159 92.7 1975 7.3 27,134 13.4 14,733 91.6 1346 8.4 16,079 14.6
75+ 18,826 92.2 1592 7.8 20,418 10.8 22,134 92.5 1795 7.5 23,929 11.8 12,969 91.0 1279 9.0 14,248 12.9
Risk of poverty No 150,100 94.0 9569 6.0 159,669 84.2 <.0001 160,116 94.2 9897 5.8 170,013 83.8 <.0001 85,744 93.9 5531 6.1 91,275 82.8 <.0001
Yes 27,074 90.2 2950 9.8 30,024 15.8 29,257 89.0 3624 11.0 32,881 16.2 16,233 85.9 2671 14.1 18,904 17.2
Educational level High 79,545 94.8 4367 5.2 83,912 44.2 <.0001 95,538 95.0 4985 5.0 100,523 49.5 <.0001 58,000 95.1 2999 4.9 60,999 55.4 <.0001
Medium 50,005 93.4 3528 6.6 53,533 28.2 52,906 92.4 4375 7.6 57,281 28.2 26,756 90.5 2807 9.5 29,563 26.8
Low 47,624 91.1 4624 8.9 52,248 27.5 40,929 90.8 4161 9.2 45,090 22.2 17,221 87.8 2396 12.2 19,617 17.8
Citizenship Italian 172,600 93.4 12,134 6.6 184,734 97.4 < 0.005 182,215 93.4 12,773 6.6 194,988 96.1 <.0001 97,657 92.8 7600 7.2 105,257 95.5 <.0001
Foreign national 4574 92.2 385 7.8 4959 2.6 7158 90.5 748 9.5 7906 3.9 4320 87.8 602 12.2 4922 4.5
Chronic disease or severe limitations No 140,617 94.9 7503 5.1 148,120 78.1 <.0001 147,165 94.9 7836 5.1 155,001 76.4 <.0001 77,439 95.0 4067 5.0 81,506 74.0 <.0001
Yes 36,557 87.9 5016 12.1 41,573 21.9 42,208 88.1 5685 11.9 47,893 23.6 24,538 85.6 4135 14.4 28,673 26.0
Self-perceived health Good 108,753 96.1 4391 3.9 113,144 59.6 <.0001 129,133 96.0 5400 4.0 134,533 66.3 <.0001 71,429 95.8 3143 4.2 74,572 67.7 <.0001
Not good 68,421 89.4 8128 10.6 76,549 40.4 60,240 88.1 8121 11.9 68,361 33.7 30,548 85.8 5059 14.2 35,607 32.3
Region Piemonte 11,314 94.7 638 5.3 11,952 6.3 <.0001 11,985 95.1 616 4.9 12,601 6.2 <.0001 7427 96.6 264 3.4 7691 7.0 <.0001
Valle d’Aosta 3010 96.4 111 3.6 3121 1.6 3194 97.3 90 2.7 3284 1.6 1889 95.1 97 4.9 1986 1.8
Lombardia 19,742 95.6 910 4.4 20,652 10.9 20,016 95.7 889 4.3 20,905 10.3 10,516 95.4 512 4.6 11,028 10.0
Bolzano 4241 96.2 168 3.8 4409 2.3 3892 96.7 133 3.3 4025 2.0 1214 97.4 32 2.6 1246 1.1
Trento 3305 97.0 103 3.0 3408 1.8 3583 97.7 86 2.3 3669 1.8 2437 98.9 28 1.1 2465 2.2
Veneto 14,523 95.1 751 4.9 15,274 8.1 15,023 96.3 576 3.7 15,599 7.7 8380 96.8 280 3.2 8660 7.9
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 7475 96.4 280 3.6 7755 4.1 8772 95.8 381 4.2 9153 4.5 5842 96.0 244 4.0 6086 5.5
Liguria 7201 95.5 341 4.5 7542 4.0 8249 95.4 399 4.6 8648 4.3 5451 94.8 296 5.2 5747 5.2
Emilia-Romagna 13,232 95.0 703 5.0 13,935 7.3 13,397 94.9 716 5.1 14,113 7.0 7615 93.7 513 6.3 8128 7.4
Toscana 12,836 94.0 825 6.0 13,661 7.2 12,771 93.8 839 6.2 13,610 6.7 6417 96.6 229 3.4 6646 6.0
Umbria 8293 95.9 359 4.1 8652 4.6 8782 95.2 441 4.8 9223 4.5 3772 92.8 292 7.2 4064 3.7
Marche 9124 93.8 602 6.2 9726 5.1 9513 93.2 699 6.8 10,212 5.0 6049 90.2 660 9.8 6709 6.1
Lazio 12,556 92.1 1071 7.9 13,627 7.2 14,555 92.3 1222 7.7 15,777 7.8 7830 91.2 753 8.8 8583 7.8
Abruzzo 4607 93.0 348 7.0 4955 2.6 4171 90.6 434 9.4 4605 2.3 2363 90.5 249 9.5 2612 2.4
Molise 3373 91.5 312 8.5 3685 1.9 3734 92.8 289 7.2 4023 2.0 1755 91.3 167 8.7 1922 1.7
Campania 11,323 90.3 1212 9.7 12,535 6.6 12,818 90.9 1279 9.1 14,097 6.9 5787 87.0 867 13.0 6654 6.0
Puglia 8134 88.0 1104 12.0 9238 4.9 9036 86.3 1436 13.7 10,472 5.2 4146 80.6 1001 19.4 5147 4.7
Basilicata 3862 89.4 457 10.6 4319 2.3 4329 90.9 432 9.1 4761 2.3 2029 93.4 143 6.6 2172 2.0
Calabria 4825 87.8 669 12.2 5494 2.9 5841 87.7 817 12.3 6658 3.3 3340 83.1 681 16.9 4021 3.6
Sicilia 8828 90.1 972 9.9 9800 5.2 10,314 89.3 1230 10.7 11,544 5.7 5308 90.5 560 9.5 5868 5.3
Sardegna 5370 90.2 583 9.8 5953 3.1 5398 91.3 517 8.7 5915 2.9 2410 87.8 334 12.2 2744 2.5